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Thread: NEP, NDP, NVP

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2008


    Next it will be NZP - Nazi Plan.
    The only plan UMNO understands is "One for you and Two for me."

    UMNO’s Economic Plans
    Posted by Vineeth Menon
    Friday, 24 October 2008 21:08
    OPP1 is not a name that we can promptly associate with anything or anyone here in Malaysia. Ask the man on the street what OPP1 is and nine out of ten will start scratching their heads in bewilderment.

    OPP1 is the First Outline Perspective Plan. Still confused? Try the NEP. Getting warmer? What about the New Economic Policy? Got it? Then there was the OPP2 or the Second Outline Perspective Plan, also better known as the National Development Policy (NDP). Well, they are all history now because OPP1 (1971-1990) and OPP2 (1991-2000) have already been superseded by OPP3 (2001-2010).

    Let’s recap the major points of OPP1. The NEP was formulated with the overriding objective of attaining national unity and fostering nation building through the two-pronged strategy of eradicating poverty and restructuring society.

    The first prong of the NEP strategy was to eradicate poverty and in 1970, Bumiputera formed the majority of the poor, accounting for 74% of all poor households in Peninsular Malaysia. Supposedly, the incidence of poverty among the Bumiputera was also the highest at 65% compared with 26% for the Chinese and 39% for the Indians.

    The second prong of the NEP strategy sought to restructure society by eliminating the identification of race with economic function. This objective was to be achieved through the restructuring of employment pattern, ownership of share capital in the corporate sector and the creation of Bumiputera Commercial and Industrial Community (BCIC). Since the Bumiputera were highly concentrated in the traditional agricultural sector and in low income job categories (while the non-Bumiputera were more favorably represented in the modern sectors of the economy and in the professional and technical occupations where productivity and incomes were higher), the absorption of the Bumiputera in new employment, particularly in the industrial and services sectors, was to be sustained at high rates.

    To achieve this, the revamping of MARA Institutes nationwide to enlist more Bumiputera students was given top priority. Huge sums of funding were channeled from the Treasury to this project. Special allowances were afforded all Bumiputera to ensure that there is a steady base of such graduates to fill in the job vacancies. Subtle persuasion by government officials was introduced to make certain that all KLSE listed and Multi-National Companies have their allocated share of Bumiputera employees.

    Another important element in the restructuring strategy was the creation of the BCIC so as to ensure a viable participation of Bumiputera individuals in the modern sectors of the economy. The target was that within a generation, the Bumiputera would own and manage at least 30% of the total commercial and industrial activities of the economy.

    OPP2 is the Second Outline Perspective Plan. Renamed the National Development Policy, OPP2 maintained the basic strategies and goals of OPP1 whilst shifting the focus from poverty to the hardcore poor. BCIC is extensively retained and high priority is still given to all Bumiputera. However, the reliance on the Bumiputera (private) sector to attain the 30% figure is more pronounced. Here we witnessed the rise of the Bumiputera-owned conglomerates and the Billionaire Bumis.

    OPP3 is the Third Outline Perspective Plan. It is also called the National Vision Policy (NVP). With Tun Dr. Mahathir at the pinnacle of his power, the focus on the hardcore poor has been given less preference. Instead priority is given to mega projects like the Petronas Twin Towers, the Penang Bridge, the North-South Expressway and KLIA. The other part regarding BCIC’s goal of 30% Bumiputera equity still remains in force. The Government will also enhance Bumiputera participation in the retail trade sub-sector through the Bumiputera Retail Trade Development Project or PROSPER.

    OPP3 also concentrates on increasing the participation of Bumiputera in the leading sectors of the economy, and with the same breath Bangsa Malaysia was coined. Additionally, with regards to Equity Restructuring, Tun Dr. Mahathir said, “In ensuring non-Bumiputera equity ownership, the share of ownership by the Indian community will be given due consideration.” Privatization became the “in” word and such programs “will continue to be implemented to create more opportunities for Bumiputera entrepreneurs at the corporate level.”

    Under NVP, the capacity of the Government's higher education institutions will be expanded to increase accessibility, especially to Bumiputera to balance the increase in private educational institutions. Both the public and private institutions of higher learning will be required to increase the number of Bumiputera graduates and ensure that the courses offered meet market demand.

    OPP3 is also the 2nd phase of Vision 2020 as mandated by Tun Dr. Mahathir (NDP was the 1st phase of the 30-year Vision 2020 plan which started in 1990).

    The National Vision Policy is basically a facsimile of both the New Economic Policy and the National Development Policy. As we approach 2009 and the end of this program in 2010, will Bangsa Malaysia see a fairer government policy which promotes growth amongst its citizens instead of being race-based? That remains to be seen.

    - Hakim Joe

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    Re: NEP, NDP, NVP - Apartheid in the Malaysian context

    Apartheid in the Malaysian context

    Posted by admin
    Wednesday, 14 October 2009 19:14

    I would confidently say Malaysia's NEP and NDP are more akin to apartheid than affirmative action not only in their morality but also in the way they have been implemented.

    Dr Boo Cheng Hau, Malaysian Mirror

    Apartheid was officially defined in South Africa as 'separate development'. But apartheid is really an elite regime with concentration of power in the hands of a few.

    Apartheid involves the complete domination of one race over the other – economically, politically and socially.

    South Africa is still struggling with the socio-economic sequels of apartheid itself. I do not think one should be obsessed with the physical aspect of apartheid [segregation] but rather be more concerned about its longstanding socio-economic deprivation and mental humiliation of not only being labelled according to skin colour but more factually to your native status.

    umno2.jpgMany have mistaken apartheid as a form of racial discrimination based on white superiority. It has been well-documented that it is actually a preferential treatment for white Afrikaners (South Africans of Dutch descent) following victimisation by the British colonists during the Boer War where thousands of Boer Trekkers died in wartime.

    Umno's Ketuanan Melayu is race-based dominance in a multiracial country and is the exact ideology employed by the single-race National Party which imposed apartheid rule in South Africa. The National Party portrayed themselves as the champions of 'Afrikaner Sovereignty' and 'white supremacy'.

    Similarly, Umno's ideological basis for its political struggle has been Malay nationalism and bumiputeraism. Like the National Party, Umno has also imposed a heavily state-guided capitalist economic system. Malaysiatoday....

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    Re: NEP, NDP, NVP - Deregulation Of Investment Guidelines A Fair Policy For All,

    Najib: Of the RM54 billion in shares allocated, only RM2 billion worth of shares were left in the hands of Bumiputeras, he said.

    He said the total Bumiputera equity was only 19.4 percent, far from the targeted 30 percent 19 years ago.

    The RM 52 B is still in Bumi hands (we hope) except that it is not in the form of shares. It could be in the form of cash, property overseas, trophy wives, jet-planes, etc. Whatever it is, we can't pretend that it's gone. Even if gone, it disappeared through Bumi hands. If this RM 52B is accounted for in the computation of shareholding, it is much much more than 30% shareholding of the KLSE.

    It is such intellectual dishonesty and cynicism that turns people off. How can we trust such people to continue running the country?

    June 30, 2009 14:13 PM

    Deregulation Of Investment Guidelines A Fair Policy For All, Says PM

    KUALA LUMPUR, June 30 (Bernama) -- The comprehensive deregulation of investment guidelines announced today is a fair policy for all, including foreign investors, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said.

    "It is a fair new policy guideline, which is designed to be a win-win situation for global investors and at the same time address the need for new effective instrument for Bumiputera participation," he said.

    Hence, there would not be a "political backlash", said Najib, who is also finance minister, when asked if the new guidelines would have a political backlash at a press conference at Invest Malaysia 2009 here today.

    "No one must feel marginalised, no ethnic group is marginalised and no ethnic group is disincentified. It is a tricky balancing act but doable," he said.

    Among others, he announced that with immediate effect, the Foreign Investment Committee (FIC) guidelines covering the acquisition of equity stakes, mergers and takeovers would be repealed without any new guideline in place.

    "The FIC will no longer process any share transactions nor impose equity conditions on them," he said.

    Currently, he said, companies seeking listings were required to satisfy the public shareholding spread requirement of 25 percent based on Bursa Malaysia's listing rules and also the Bumiputera equity condition based on FIC guidelines. Bernama.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    Re: NEP, NDP, NVP - RPK: What is the real cost of the NEP?

    What is the real cost of the NEP? Do we really know?

    Monday, 29 March 2010 Super Admin

    Seriously, I am only ‘guestimating’ here. I honestly do not know the real figure. But if you take into consideration everything I have mentioned above and total up the real cost of the NEP, you may probably see that it is a colossal figure. You might even fall off your chair when your calculator clocks a figure of RM500 billion in total.


    Raja Petra Kamarudin

    March 2010 appears to be the month of debate regarding the NEP, the Bumiputera share of the economic pie, and whatnot.

    Okay, never mind if it is 3%, 19%, more than 30%, or should be 67% (Chinese say 67 is ‘lok chat’ or cock). No one appears able to give the real figure or show how much the Bumiputera share of the economic pie really is. Malaysiatoday....

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    Re: NEP, NDP, NVP - The real costs of the NEP — Ice Cream Seller

    10 items:
    1. Education,
    2. Health,
    3. Brain Drain,
    4. Sports,
    5. Inferiority Complex,
    6. Judiciarty,
    7, Social Segregation,
    8. Culture of Corruption & Erosion of Core Values,
    9. The Lost Generation,
    10. Rent Seekers.

    UMNO is like a cancer in the Malay psyche. The only cure is eradication. Otherwise, the Malays will never be free.

    The real costs of the NEP — Ice Cream Seller

    MARCH 31 — I can’t help but put in my two scoops worth over the recent discourse about the cost of affirmative action policies we have undertaken over the years — which has affected the most part of my life.

    Numbers have been tossed in the air but, essentially, the real costs cannot be quantified. Its less than adequate implementation has affected our lives in more areas than we can sit up and observe.

    Let’s look at a convenient 10:

    1. Education

    Up to the late 60’s our education was considered top class from primary to tertiary level. Even the diploma awarding colleges had a certain class about them for example, the precursor to the now Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

    Thanks to the politicised implementation by our ‘educators’, our schools are now shunned.

    Tuition after hours has become almost a standard. What our ‘teachers’ do not do in schools, the tuition teachers fill in. When the string of distinctions are announced, the schools and their teachers claim the credit.

    I need go no further than my own two children. Universities locally are generally avoided unless one cannot afford the alternative of overseas education or private sector university colleges.

    The atmosphere in schools and public universities are so sterile that I wonder if I am sometimes in Brunei.

    2. Health

    I remember visiting our old GH in KL in the 60’s and 70’s and also the UH in Petaling Jaya.

    The doctors and nurses were dedicated, pretty professional and you never really thought of going to a private hospital for better treatment.

    Today, one has to ensure private health insurance is in place or ‘endure’ the public healthcare system. Sure there are exceptions out there but then, that should have been the rule. How many lower middle class and upward segments of our society opt to have their babies delivered in the government hospitals? That itself is a gauge of the level of damnation.

    3. Brain Drain

    Suffice to say that if just half the Malaysian diaspora return to Malaysia and just are left alone to excel, we will be taking on Australia, Spore , Taiwan etc.

    Just look at what Malaysians are doing in from Singapore toAustralia, US, UK. China and Canada.

    It makes we wonder if that was the underlying intention of our implementation in the 1st place!

    4. Sports

    Just look back at the time when we were powerhouses in football (at least in Asia), hockey and athletics. Thanks to almost homogeneous teams today, we are not worth a 2nd look. Corruption, endemic in our system, has nailed the final coffin to our football dreams. The tentacles of NEP permeated this arena where it was the best sphere to nurture nation building and cohesiveness.

    The Nicol Davids, Chong Wei’s and a few individual cases are a result more of their own sacrificies and that of their parents. Our schools and clubs like TPCA play no part in this process.

    5. Inferiority complex

    Like it or not, we have bred a society with an inferiority complex. Sometimes we seem to apologise for just existing! Just study the behaviour of our tourists when they are overseas. Even our students overseas do not seem comfortable engaging with local students or other foreigners.

    Undeniably, we have our bright stars but we ought to have a multitude of stars given our latent talent as a nation. If anything, the NEP has cemented the “jaguh kampung” mentality in our society

    6. Judiciary

    In trying to ‘redress’ the racial imbalance in the judiciary, we sidelined eminent judges and elevated Jaguh Kampungs who could read a few pages of English. Of course, our long serving PM destroyed the moral fabric of this institution in addition to other “collateral damage” done.

    Any foreign investor worth his salt insists in their agreements that disputes are resolved through arbitration but outside Malaysia. What deeper insult and perception does one need?

    7. Social segregation

    At pre-school, segregation is not uncommon along religious lines – Islamic, Christian etc.

    At primary, there is a scramble to register for Chinese medium schools and Tamil schools unlike pre 70’s. The government schools are sometimes like schools of indoctrination – teachers primarily of one race and religion and now mostly women (not that I have anything against women).

    At secondary, bumiputera students are shunted to residential schools and colleges. Urban secondary schools become the 1st point of contact for Chines and Tamil medium kids from primary schools.

    After Form 5, urban non-Malays will be sent to private colleges, Malays and other Bumiputeras to matriculation course and bright non-Malays enticed to Singapore.

    At university, segregation gets more entrenched with each race clinging to their own kind with the exception of those from urban schools.

    Employment time, non-Malays see the civil service as an alien arena.

    GLC’s pick the cream of the Malays and other Bumiputera who are not already snatched by the top MNCs. The others take what comes — usually creating a mismatch in what they do and what they studied.

    The armed forces and police are no attraction for non- Malays. The impression given is that they are tolerated, not welcomed.

    Ibrahim Ali will not shout that the non-Malays make up less than 33 per cent in these areas.

    8. Culture of corruption and the erosion of core values

    Corruption has permeated every echelon of – from the drain sweeper to the top leaders thanks to the NEP. Consequently, core values have eroded as much as our ringgit.

    Even a place in the 1st class ward of the hospital can be found with some sumbangan. Even more macabre, a grave site to bury your loved one can suddenly be found.

    Blue ICs, passports, parking fines, scholarships, tenders awarded, even sports are all commodities in the currency of corruption . Not to mention the judgements you want in the halls of ‘justice’.

    9. The lost generation

    Perhaps our biggest loss has been the generation born in the 60’s and later for it is they who now live through the muck and filth of the decay our society has degenerated into.

    Wonder who the prime culprit is?

    If we have the political will, it will take at least another generation to come back to where we were — if at all possible. If NEP is akin to cancer, then we are short of oncologists.

    10. Rent seekers

    By far, this has been the ‘profession’ that flourished the most from NEP. And the Rent Seekers are worse than parasites but they have multiplied and grown to such an extent that they stare at your faces almost every where you go — from Parliament to the Mat Rempits (the cadres for future rent seeking MP).

    The list could go on but how does one encapsulate the blow out of 40 years of NEP in a few sheets other than toilet paper?

    * Ice Cream Seller is the pseudonym of a Malaysian who has migrated to Australia.

    * This is the personal opinion of the writer or the newspaper. The Malaysian Insider does not endorse the view unless specified.

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