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Thread: Election Laws General & Article 114 of the Constitution on SPR appointment

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    Post Election Laws General & Article 114 of the Constitution on SPR appointment

    It is important to have a basic understanding of the Constitution which affects our lives so extensively. It is the Social Contract.

    Federation of Malaysia Constitution - An Introduction by slideshare.

    Akta-akta Suruhan Pilihan Raya

    Listed below are the Akta-akta Surahan Pilihan Raya, which are taken from SPR's website.
    For those who prefer to download and browse the acts on their computer, please download the attachment.
    Akta-akta SPR

    Akta 19 (Akta Pilihan Raya 1958)
    Bahagian I (Permulaan)
    Bahagian II (Penyeliaan Pilihan Raya)
    Bahagian III (Bahagian Pilihan Raya)
    Bahagian IV (Pendaftaran Pemilih)
    Bahagian V (Penjalanan Pilihan Raya)
    Bahagian VI (Peraturan-Peraturan)

    Akta 5 (Akta Kesalahan Pilihan Raya 1954)
    Bahagian I (Permulaan dan Pentafsiran)
    Bahagian II (Kesalahan Pilihan Raya)
    Bahagian III (Perbuatan Rasuah)
    Bahagian IV (Ejen Pilihan Raya, Belanja Pilihan Raya Dan Perbuatan Yang Menyalahi Undang -undang
    Bahagian IVA (Pasukan Penguat Kuasa)
    Bahagian V (Maaf Kerana Perbuatan Rasuah Atau Perbuatan Yang Menyalahi Undang-undang
    Bahagian VI (Alasan Bagi Membatalkan Pemilihan)
    Bahagian VII (Petisyen Pilihan Raya)

    Jadual Pertama
    Borang A (Borang Sumpah Kerahsiaan)
    Borang B (Penyata Berkenaan Dengan Belanja Pilihan Raya)
    Borang C (Pernyataan Atas sumpah Oleh Calon)
    Borang D (Pernyataan Bersumpah Oleh Ejen Pilihan Raya)

    Jadual Kedua
    (Kaedah-Kaedah Petisyen Pilihan Raya 1954)

    Peraturan Pilihan Raya (Penjalanan Pilihan Raya) 1981
    Pilihan Raya Yang Tidak Dipertandingkan
    Pilihan Raya Yang Dipertandingkan

    Jadual Pertama
    Borang 1 (Writ Pilihan Raya)
    Borang 2 (Notis Untuk Mengadakan Pilihan Raya Umum)
    Borang 2A (Notis Untuk Mengadakan Pilihan Raya Kecil)
    Borang 3 (Notis Untuk Memilih Seorang Ahli Dewan Rakyat/Dewan Undangan Negeri)
    Borang 4 (Kertas Penamaan Bahagian Pilihan Raya Parlimen)
    Borang 4A (Kertas Penamaan Bahagian Pilihan Raya Negeri)
    Borang 5 (Akuan Berkanun Calon Pilihan Raya Bagi Ahli Dewan Rakyat)
    Borang 5A (Akuan Berkanun Calon Bagi Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri)
    Borang 6 (Notis Penarikan Balik Penamaan Calon Bagi Ahli Dewan Rakyat)
    Borang 6A (Notis Penarikan Balik Penamaan Calon Bagi Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri)
    Borang 8 (Notis Pilihan Raya Yang Dipertandingkan)
    Borang 9 (Bentuk Muka Depan Kertas Undi)
    Borang 10 (Akuan Mengenai Identiti)
    Borang 11 (Akuan)
    Borang 12A (Notis Pengiraan Undi Di Tempat Mengira)
    Borang 13 (Penyata Kertas Undi)
    Borang 14 (Penyata Pengundi Selepas Pengiraan Undi)
    Borang 15 (Penyata Pengundian Selepas Pengiraan Kertas Undi Pos)
    Borang 16 (Penyata Pengundian Selepas Penjumlahan Rasmi Undi)

    Jadual Kedua:
    (Arahan Bagi Panduan Pengundi Untuk Dipamerkan Di Luar Tiap-Tiap Tempat Mengundi)

    Jadual Ketiga:
    (Tatacara Yang Kena Diikuti Jika Bilangan Kertas Undi Yang Didapati dalam Suatu Peti Undi Melebihi Bilangan Yang Dinyatakan Sebagai Berada Di Dalamnya Mengikut Borang 13)

    Peraturan Pilihan Raya (Pengundian Pos) 2003
    Bahagian I (Permulaan)
    Bahagian II (Pengundi Pos)
    Bahagian III (Pengeluaran Kertas Undi)
    Bahagian IV (Pembukaan Peti Pengundi Pos)
    Bahagian V (Am)

    Borang 1 (Permohonan Bagi Kertas Undi Pos)
    Borang 2 (Perisytiharan Identiti)

    Peraturan Pilihan Raya (Pendaftaran Pemilih) 2002
    Bentuk Daftar Pemilih
    Daftar Pemilih Induk
    Daftar Pemilih Tambahan

    Borang A (Pendaftaran Pemilih)
    Borang B (Borang Tuntutan)
    Borang C (Borang Bantahan)
    Borang D (Notis Kepada Orang Yang Terhadapnya Bantahan Dibuat)
    Borang E (Notis)
    Borang F (Pemerakuan Pendaftar)

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2010

    SPR Acts and Regulation

    English Version.

    1. Election Act, 1958, (ACT 19)
    2. Election Offences Act, 1954, (ACT 5)
    3. Elections Commission Act 1957 (Act 31) - not included but can be found in the Law Book
    4. Elections (Control of Motor Vehicles and Vessels) Regulations 1959 - not included but can be found in the Law Book
    6. Elections (Registration of Electors) Regulation, 2002
    7. Elections (Postal Voting) Regulations 2003
    SPR Acts & Election

    Election Act, 1958, (ACT 19)
    Part 1 (Preliminary)
    Part 2 (Supervision of Elections)
    Part 3 (Constituencies)
    Part 4 (Registration of Electors)
    Part 5 (Conduct of Elections)
    Part 6 (Regulations)


    Election Offences Act, 1954, (ACT 5)

    Part 1 (Preliminary and Interpretation)
    Part 2 (Electoral Offences)
    Part 3 (Corrupt Practices)
    Part 4 (Election Agent, Election Expenses and Illegal Practices)
    Part 4a (Enforcement Team)
    Part 5 (Excuse for corrupt or illegal practice)
    Part 6 (Grounds for avoiding elections)
    Part 7 (Election Petitions)

    First Schedule:
    Form A (Form of Oath and Secrecy)
    Form B (Return Respecting Election Expenses)
    Form C (Statement On Oath by Candidate)
    Form D (Statement On Oath by An Election Agent)

    Second Schedule:
    (Election Petition Rules 1954)


    Uncontested Election
    Contested Election

    First Schedule:
    Form 1 (Writ of Election)
    Form 2 (Notice To Hold A General Election)
    Form 2A (Notice To Hold A By-Election)
    Form 3 (Notice of Election of A Member of The Dewan Rakyat / Legislative Assembly of The State)
    Form 4 (Nomination Paper Parliamentary Constituency)
    Form 4A (Nomination Paper State Constituency)
    Form 5 (Statutory Declaration of A Person Nominated As A Candidate For Election As A Member of The Dewan Rakyat)
    Form 5A (Statutory Declaration of A Person Nominated As A Candidate For Election As A Member of The Legislative Assembly of The State)
    Form 6 (Notice of Withdrawal of Nomination As A Candidate For Election As A Member of Dewan Rakyat)
    Form 6A (Notice of Withdrawal of Nomination As A Candidate For Election As A Member of Legislative Assembly)
    Form 8 (Notice of Contested Election)
    Form 9 (Frontpage of Ballot Papers)
    Form 10 (Declaration of Identity)
    Form 11 (Declaration)
    Form 12A (Notice Counting of Votes At A Counting Places)
    Form 13 (Ballot Papers Statement)
    Form 14 (Statement of The Poll After Counting The Ballot)
    Form 15 (Statement of The Poll After Counting The Postal Ballot Papers)
    Form 16 (Statement of The Poll After The Official Addition of Votes)

    Second Schedule:
    (Directions for the guidance of voters to be exhibited outside every polling station)

    Third Schedule:
    (Procedure to be followed if the number of ballot papers found in a ballot box exceeds the number stated to be there in according to Form 13)


    Elections (Registration of Electors) Regulation, 2002:
    Part 1 (Preliminary)
    Part 2 (Form of Electoral Roll)
    Part 3 (Principal Electoral Roll)
    Part 4 (The Supplementary Electoral Roll)
    Part 5 (Miscellaneous)

    Form A (Registration of Electoral)
    Form B (Claim Form)
    Form C (Objection Form)
    Form D (Notice to Person Against Whom Objection Is Made)
    Form E (Notice)
    Form F (Certification Of Registrar)


    Elections (Postal Voting) Regulations 2003:
    Part 1 (Preliminary)
    Part 2 (Postal Votes)
    Part 3 (Issuing of Ballot Papers)
    Part 4 (Opening of Postal Voter's Ballot Box)
    Part 5 (General)

    Form 1 (Application For Postal Ballot Paper)
    Form 2 (Declaration Of Identity)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Please note: Election Laws book from International Law Books Services is more up to date. If you have access to the Law Gazette, you can get the latest version of the laws. Also take note of Article 114 of the Federal Constitution that covers the appointment of the Election Commission. They must be members that have public confidence.

    The Election Commission of Malaysia (Malay: Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia (SPR)) is a commission set up for the purpose of regulating and conducting elections in Malaysia. Its establishment is mandated by Article 114 of the Constitution of Malaysia.

    Contents [hide]
    1 History
    2 Constitutional Mandate
    3 Functions
    4 Notes and references
    5 External links

    The Election Commission (EC) was formed on Sept 4, 1957, under Article 114 of the Constitution of Malaysia, which empowers it to conduct elections for the Dewan Rakyat and state legislative bodies.

    At its establishment, the EC only consisted of a chairman and two members – Datuk Dr Mustafa Albakri Hassan together with Lee Ewe Boon and Ditt Singh.

    A secretariat was also set up to fulfil the commission's functions and carry out its decisions, with a secretary made the chief administrator. The first EC secretary was H. Cassidy.

    After the formation of Malaysia in 1963 and the inclusion of Sabah and Sarawak, another member was added to represent the two states on a rotation basis. Datuk Abang Marzuki Nor from Sarawak was the first such member appointed.

    An amendment to Article 114 made in 1981 provided for the new post of a deputy chairman, and Abdul Rahman Abdul Hassan was the first to hold this position.

    Today, the EC has a chairman, a deputy chairman and five members, all appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after consulting the Conference of Rulers.

    [edit]Constitutional Mandate

    Under Article 114, the Commission is empowered to "conduct elections to the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of Parliament) and the Legislative Assemblies of the States". Under the Constitution of the independent Federation of Malaya, the Commission comprised one Chairman and two members, but after Malaya merged with Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to form Malaysia, the Commission's membership was expanded by constitutional amendment to provide for an additional member from Sabah or Sarawak. A 1981 amendment to the Constitution added another member and created the post of Deputy Chairman.[1]

    The Commission has the power to delimit constituencies, revise the electoral roll of registered voters, and regulate the manner in which elections are conducted. Although the Constitution does not refer to the Commission as being a body independent from influence by the government or otherwise, constitutional scholars have generally considered the Constitution as intending to protect the independence of the Commission. Among other things, commissioners are protected by tenure, and may only be removed through the same procedure as a judge of the Supreme Court. The terms of remuneration of a commissioner cannot be altered to his disadvantage after he has been appointed.[1]

    Members of the Commission are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), who must consult with the Conference of Rulers and appoint a Commission which has the confidence of the public. Although the Constitution does not expressly require consultation with the Prime Minister in this regard, it has been argued that under Article 40 of the Constitution, the King cannot act on his own discretion unless explicitly stated; in all other cases, he must acquiesce to the advice of the Prime Minister, and as such the appointments to the Commission are made with the advice of the Prime Minister. Members of the Commission retire at the age of 65.[2]


    Apart from regulating elections, the EC's duties include reviewing the boundaries of parliamentary and state constituencies, holding by-elections and carrying out registration exercises.

    It also collects information on newly developed areas to ensure a fair representation of voters in each constituency, promotes awareness on how important it is to vote and revises the electoral roll by deleting the names of those who are dead or have been disqualified.

    On polling day, EC members and officers will be stationed at polling centres nationwide to oversee the process.

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