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Thread: SPR: The Electoral Roll - Issues and Clarifications (English & BM)

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    SPR: The Electoral Roll - Issues and Clarifications (English & BM)

    It will be more convincing if the EC were to issue a complete list of the dubious voters and explain line by line the outcome of their investigations. General explanations for such massive 'discrepancies' will not clear the public doubt.

    Election Commission out with The Truth

    Posted on 23 July 2012 by Vijayakone

    The Malaysian Election Commission (EC) today met with all political leaders at the ‘Pertemuan Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia Bersama Pemimpin Parti Politik dan Taklimat Pilihan Raya Umum KE-13′ at the Marriott Hotel Putrajaya, IOI Resort Putrajaya.

    The event provided detailed clarifications on various issues including the use of indelible ink, voter registration, elections process and conducted a demonstration on how the election process will be carried out.

    In a publication “The Truth” distributed to the participants the EC provided answers to the many questions posed to the Election Commission.

    The following is an extract of that publication.

    Allegation 1:

    The EC deliberately adjusts the boundaries of State and Parliamentary constituencies without the approval of the Parliament, with the intention of increasing the number of voters in a given constituency to enable Barisan Nasional to win in the 13th General Elections (GE-13)

    This allegation is malicious and has no basis at all. The EC has never made any changes to the boundaries of State or Parliamentary constituencies as such changes can only be made when there is a review of the constituency boundaries as provided for, under Article 113 of the Federal Constitution. The EC had already issued a statement to the effect that the review of electoral boundaries will only be undertaken after GE-13. The EC will issue an official statement as to when the review will commence at the appropriate time.

    What the EC actually did was to correct the mistake it made in placing the locality along with the voters in that locality in a wrong constituency. These mistakes had occurred in the past, possibly because the placement of localities in a constituency was done manually prior to 2004. Thus, under sub-regulation 25(3), Election Regulations (Registration of Electors) 2002, the Chief Registrar is vested with the power to correct such mistakes. The Chief Registrar had therefore placed the locality along with the electors in that locality in the constituency where it should be rightfully.

    Only after the EGIS system (Electoral Geographical Information System) was adopted in 2004 did the EC realize that several localities and the electors placed in these localities were in the wrong constituencies. Using the powers vested under the Chief Registrar, the EC placed the localities in the constituencies where they should be rightfully. This exercise involved a total of 19,342 electors in several constituencies.

    The localities along with the electors must be placed in the right constituencies as they exist in the field. It must be emphasized here that the placement of localities in the right constituencies does not involve changes to the boundaries of any constituency, be it State or Parliamentary. In fact, by placing the localities in the right constituencies, the electors will be able to vote in the right constituencies, both State and Parliamentary, and in the right polling districts based on their respective addresses.

    After these corrections were made, the EC officially informed through notification letters that were addressed to leaders of all political parties in the affected constituencies. The EC assumed that the political parties, through their leaders at the polling districts and the state constituencies, were aware of the corrective actions taken by it and would therefore inform the affected electors in their respective constituencies.

    However, based on the feedback that the EC received from the electors, many were not aware of the corrective actions taken to place the locality they are in the right constituency. As a result and in view of the approaching GE-13, the EC will write to all the affected electors throughout the country notifying them of the changes in their constituencies.

    Thus, the EC would like to reiterate that the action taken to place the localities in the right constituencies based on the actual location of these localities on the ground, does not involve any changes to the boundaries of the constituencies, both state and federal. Those who need further clarification on this matter can get in touch with any of the EC Offices.

    Allegation 2:

    The Hon. Tan Sri Abdul Khalid bin Ibrahim was illegally transferred by the EC to another constituency

    Allegations that The Hon. Tan Sri Abdul Khalid bin Ibrahim was transferred illegally by the EC to another constituency is untrue and baseless. The EC had given a detailed explanation to Members of the Parliament on 16 April 2012 with regards to this matter. However, this matter continues to be manipulated to mislead the public who may not understand the issue of corrections made to the placement of localities within a polling district, which in turn lies within a State constituency which in turn lies within a Parliamentary constituency.

    In the case of The Hon. Tan Sri Abdul Khalid bin Ibrahim, the EC took the corrective action to place the locality in which Hon. Tan Sri’s name appears, along with others, in the right constituency in accordance with sub-regulation.

    With the implementation of EGIS in 2004, the EC realized that the locality ‘Jalan 16/2′ was placed in the wrong constituency. In line with the corrective actions that were being taken in other constituencies throughout the country, the EC made the correction and placed the locality ‘Jalan 16/2′ Seksyen 16, Petaling Jaya under the Parliamentary constituency of P. 121 LembahPantai, Federal Territory based on the location of that locality on the ground. This action does not involve any changes to the boundaries of constituencies, both State and Federal. Those who need further clarification on this matter may visit the the EC Headquarters or the Selangor EC Office or the Federal Territory EC Office.

    Allegation 3:

    EC has failed to clean up the electoral roll. A total of 42,051 doubtful voters are still in the current EC electoral roll
    As part of its continuous effort to clean-up the electoral roll, the EC sent the Principal Electoral Roll (PER) with12.5 million registered electors to the National Registration Department (NRD) on July 2011 for a comprehensive review for the purpose of confirmation and verification.

    In September 2011, the NRD informed the EC that of the total of 12.5 million electors, there were 42,051 names of electors on whom they do not have clear and reliable information. This means that the names of the 42,051 electors are in the records of the NRD. However, these electors cannot be contacted because of the absence of address though the NRD would like them to come and update their latest status. At the same time, they have not been to any of the NRD offices to update their status. As a result, the EC decided to categorize the 42,051 electors as doubtful due to the absence of the latest information on their status.

    Following this, to ensure that the rights of the registered electors are guaranteed under the Constitution, the EC took the right step in not deleting their names from the electoral roll without confirmation from the rightful department, the NRD. Instead, the EC took the initiative to display all of the 42,051 names for a period of 3 months to provide an opportunity for the public, especially electors to come forward to update their information at the NRD and the EC. This would enable the NRD and the EC to update the status of the elector and remove him or her from the list of doubtful electors.

    During the same period, the EC also distributed the names of these 42,051 electors to the headquarters of all major political parties, as well as political leaders. The EC hoped that they will get confirmation and feedback on their address or their latest status. Unfortunately, the response received by the EC from political parties and the public during the three months was disappointing. On 28 March 2012, the NRD informed the EC that based on detailed ongoing reviews the number of electors with dubious status was reduced to 40,803 people. This is due to the fact that there had been individuals who went to the NRD to update the information on their identity cards, while others, as heirs, came forward with evidence to the NRD on the death of family members or their relatives.

    The law does not allow any name in the electoral roll to be deleted without confirmation of their status from the NRD. Thus, the names of 40,803 electors of dubious status should continue to remain in the electoral rolls, in order to ensure that their rights are protected under the Constitution. The EC would only delete their names from the electoral roll after official confirmation had been received from the authority, that is the NRD, on whether the individual has died or lost his or her citizenship status, or is disqualified for other reasons as provided for under the Federal Constitution. Therefore, as long as the final confirmation has not been obtained from the NRD, the names of all the 40,803 electors must be maintained in the Principal Electoral Roll


  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2008

    EC admits previous oversight pokes hole in electoral roll

    • Kuek Ser Kuang Keng

    • 10:58AM Jul 28, 2012

    The Election Commission (EC) has conceded that an oversight in the past has resulted in many incomplete voter addresses in the electoral roll and efforts are now being made to rectify it.

    In its latest publication entitled The Electoral Roll: Issues and Clarifications', the EC explains the issue of voters with incomplete addresses being found in the electoral roll even though they are residing in developed states such as Selangor and Kuala Lumpur.

    “It is the objective of the EC to have an electoral roll with complete current addresses for all the approximately 13 million registered electors in the country. Unfortunately, the situation at the ground level does not allow the EC to do so,” reads the booklet.

    It reveals that a study conducted by the EC showed that applicants completing the voter registration application forms as well as relatives and others who helped to complete the forms did not give the complete address of the applicants, especially those registered prior to July 2002.

    “At that time, the EC, too, did not see the need for a complete address as a priority when processing applications for registration since the format of the addresses then were in different forms, there were those that were complete and others that were too general.”

    In addition, the EC points out that despite the rapid development and urbanisation in several states such as Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, there remain areas including squatter areas and areas leased for temporary occupation where houses are not given unique numbers but merely use the names of the roads.

    “In fact, in these areas the use of a surrogate address is quite common. The nearby residents or residents living in an area often use the address of premises such as a coffeeshop for the purpose of correspondence.”

    The EC says it has stepped up its efforts to get the complete addresses of electors by conducting checks on the ground in the affected areas, as well as creating a special facility on its website that enables the electors to update their addresses.

    The opposition parties have been complaining that incomplete addresses in the electoral roll have thwarted their effort to verify the identities of suspicious voters, especially those born overseas.

    ‘A man can have an even number as last digit in IC’

    The 12-page booklet also clarifies why the electoral roll contains information on gender that is inconsistent with that in the voters’ identity cards.

    It says that the National Registration Department (NRD) has informed the EC that it is not necessary either for males to be issued 12-digit identity card numbers that end with odd numbers or females with even numbers.

    “In reality, this is not the case. A male can have an even number as his last digit and a female can have an odd number as her last digit.”

    The EC reiterated that it registers voters based solely on the information in the NRD database.

    “As long as the identity card presented to the EC is valid, that is, it is issued by the NRD, the registration system at the EC will accept it and use the information contained in the identity card as valid information to ascertain the address of the elector.”

    The booklet also addressed other issues related to the electoral roll which had been reported previously by Malaysiakini.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    EC must focus on solutions, not explanations

    By Aliran, on 31 July 2012

    Bersih 2.0
    views the latest publication by the Election Commission (EC) “Electoral Roll: Issues and Clarifications” as a mistaken placement of priorities by the commission and wishes to remind it to focus on the most urgent task at hand: cleaning up the electoral process.

    We maintain that the efforts of the EC in cleaning up the electoral roll, if any, are superficial and have failed to comprehensively address the irregularities and fraud that plague the electoral roll. Instances of electoral fraud are dismissed as clerical errors and one-off mistakes. In its latest booklet, the EC continues to portray itself as powerless to address the concerns raised by Bersih 2.0 and other electoral reform groups.

    Thus, Bersih 2.0 calls on the EC to conduct a thorough investigation to identify the shortcomings mentioned in its booklet. Passing the buck on to the National Registration Department (NRD) is a convenient excuse and does not show the EC’s sincerity in wanting to maintain a clean, accurate and up to date electoral roll.

    Issues 1, 2, 7, 8 and 9: Dubious voters in the electoral roll

    In its response, the EC has swept the 3.1 million dubious voters under the carpet. The issue in contention is not where voters can vote but rather, why is it that when voters upgrade from old ICs to new ICs, their voting constituencies change as well, especially when they have never lived in those constituencies before. Another issue of contention is the presence of house addresses with many registered voters. Evidence has shown some of these houses have Malay, Chinese and Indian registered voters who in all likelihood do not even know of one another’s existence. In some cases, some of these voters were not even allocated a house number but were registered using a street name.

    Bersih 2.0 asserts that instead of relying on citizens to report to the NRD that their relatives have died and then depending on the NRD to inform the EC, the EC should, on its own initiative, conduct regular checks to see if voters who are above a certain age (e.g. over 100 years old) are still alive or not. After all, the EC has access to information on where these voters are supposedly residing. It would not be too troublesome to send out EC teams to track down voters who are above a certain age.

    By doing so, the EC can play a proactive role in identifying the problems which prevent the NRD from capturing and then passing on the information regarding dead voters, who must then be removed from the electoral roll. The fear here is that the identity of dead voters may be used by irresponsible parties to cast a vote during election time. While it is acknowledged that dead voters can be of all ages above 21, a good place to start identifying these voters would be among the older voters who are more likely to have passed on but remain on the electoral roll.

    Issues 3 and 5: Confused genders, same name and/or same date of birth

    The EC should be proactive to identify the problems associated with IC numbers with mismatched genders. According to the EC’s booklet, their consultations with the NRD led them to conclude that “it is normal for a male to have an even number as the last digit of his 12-digit number in his MyKad.”

    If this was indeed normal, previous findings by the Malaysian Electoral Roll Analysis Project (Merap) indicate that there would be more than the 15000 of these cases identified, which is about 1.2 per cent of the 13 million eligible voters. The fact that there are ‘relatively’ few cases occurring means that they should be properly investigated to understand the nature of these mismatches.

    Many of the cases highlighted by Merap were cases involving ICs in Sabah, where instances of ICs being ‘transferred’ from one voter to another, sometimes of different genders, have been well documented. It is a reasonable public expectation that the EC should try to conduct its own investigation into these issues.

    Cases of gender mismatches have been observed in the EC’s own database where Malays with male names (indicated by “bin”) and Indians with male names (indicated by A/L) have been classified as female and vice versa. A thorough investigation into these cases will show if these mistakes were a result of the EC’s own data entry errors or if they originated from the NRD’s own database.

    Issue 4: Electors with incomplete addresses

    Registered voters with incomplete addresses had been identified in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. Merap has identified cases where newly registered voters in the same locality do not have house numbers and sometimes street names even though other newly registered voters in the same locality have house numbers and street names. The EC’s explanation was that these voters do not have complete house addresses because they live in squatter areas and on temporary occupied land.

    A case in point is where EC refuted Mimos’ claim that there were more than 50 voters registered in one address. The EC claimed that voters registered before 2011 in Kampung Melayu Majidee, Johor Bahru had complete house numbers and street names and some with incomplete addresses. One would expect that these errors would be corrected. But even after 2011, it was found that 56 out of 57 newly registered voters still did not have house numbers or even street names and 55 out of 56 of these voters had the 71 code in their IC indicating that they were born overseas.

    The system set up by the EC to check on voters registration is inadequate. The dedicated link set up by the EC to ‘track down’ voters who are registered in addresses or localities containing many registered voters ( only include voters without house numbers. This excludes the problem of voters in houses with specific house numbers and street names having an inordinately large number of voters registered in them. This clearly goes against the Mimos exercise which has identified not just localities with many voters without house numbers and street names but also specific addresses with many voters registered in them.

    Issues 9 and 10: Dubious new electors from the army and police

    While the EC has said that spouses of the General Operations Force (GOF) are eligible to be postal voters, Merap’s analysis shows that there are still spouses of the regular police force who are registered as postal voters including many who are registered in various district police headquarters or ibupejabat polis daerah (IPDs).

    In addition, the question remains of why spouses of police who are part of the General Operations Force but are located in urban areas such as Cheras should still be registered as postal voters given that it would not be too difficult for these voters to cast their votes as regular voters in a nearby school.

    On the issue of retired police or army personnel who are still registered as postal voters, the EC must give assurances that there are sufficient safeguards to prevent other people in either the police or army barracks from using the identities of these voters to cast a postal ballot. In addition, the EC must also give assurances that these retired police and army personnel are also not registered as civilian voters elsewhere. Identifying these types of double registrations is very difficult given that these voters would be registered once using their civilian IC numbers and another time using their police or army IC numbers.

    Thus, the EC has failed to meet Bersih 2.0 Demand #1 – Clean up the electoral roll. There is a lack of public confidence in the integrity of the present Election Commissioners. Bersih 2.0 reiterates its call for their immediate resignation as they have failed to meet the rakyat’s call for clean and fair elections.

    Bersih 2.0 demands that the Najib administration carries out a thorough audit on the electoral roll to weed out all dubious voters before the next election.

    To view the publication by the EC, click here: English & BM
    Salam Bersih!
    Steering Committee
    Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections 2.0 (Bersih 2.0)
    26 July 2012

    The Steering Committee of Bersih 2.0 comprises:
    Dato’ Ambiga Sreenevasan (Co-Chairperson), Datuk A. Samad Said (Co-Chairperson), Ahmad Shukri Abdul Razab, Andrew Ambrose, Andrew Khoo, Anne Lasimbang, Arul Prakkash, Arumugam K., Awang Abdillah, Dr Farouk Musa, Hishamuddin Rais, Liau Kok Fah, Maria Chin Abdullah, Matthew Vincent, Niloh Ason, Richard Y W Yeoh, Dr Subramaniam Pillay, Dato’ Dr Toh Kin Woon, Dr Wong Chin Huat, Dato’ Yeo Yang Poh and Zaid Kamaruddin

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Declaring that one is a body of integrity will not make one a body of integrity.

    SPR badan berintegriti

    by Sandy Mark Luna. Posted on August 2, 2012, Thursday
    Kemuka secara terus kemusykilan, usah guna pihak ketiga atau media

    KECOH: Sesi soal jawab agak tegang apabila Dr Teo (kanan) tidak berpuas hati dengan kenyataan Abdul Karim (dua kiri).

    KUCHING: Parti politik di Sara-wak diseru untuk berhubung secara terus dengan Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR) sekiranya mempunyai sebarang kemusykilan berhubung daftar pemilih.

    Menurut Pengerusi SPR Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Mohd Yusof, tindakan menggunakan pihak ketiga atau media untuk mengemukakan sesuatu isu atau pertanyaan seolah-olah mempersoal dan memperlekehkan integriti SPR.

    “Saya benar-benar berharap agar parti politik di Sarawak berhubung terus dengan SPR jika mempunyai sebarang keraguan, dan kita akan cuba jelaskan atau jika anda mem-punyai fakta atau bukti jelas berhubung sesuatu perkara, kita boleh siasat dengan agensi lain.

    “Bukan bermaksud SPR tidak sanggup terima kritikan, tetapi kena berlaku adil kerana sama ada ia dilakukan sengaja atau tidak sengaja, ia menampakkan integriti SPR dipersoalkan,” katanya.

    Beliau berkata demikian pada perjumpaan bersama parti politik dan media bagi memberi taklimat per-aturan-peraturan baharu pada Pilihan Raya Umum Ke-13 (PRU13) akan datang di sini, semalam.

    Sesi soal jawab selepas sesi taklimat semalam sedikit kecoh setelah Menteri Muda Perumahan Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah menegur seorang calon Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) berpotensi, Dr Michael Teo yang mempersoalkan integriti dan kejujuran SPR dalam membawa kotak undi di kawasan pedalaman.

    Daftar pemilih SPR setakat 7 Jun menyaksikan Sarawak berada di tangga keempat pengundi teramai dengan jumlah pemilih seramai 1,051,190. Daripada jumlah tersebut, dianggarkan 300,000 penduduk belum mendaftar.

    Abdul Aziz berkata, mengikut kajian yang dijalankan di Seme- nanjung Malaysia, sebahagian besar penduduk tidak berdaftar adalah dari kawasan bandar tetapi beliau percaya situasi tersebut berbeza di Sarawak.

    Menurutnya, antara penyumbang kepada jumlah penduduk tidak berdaftar ialah sikap endah tidak endah serta memandang ringan tanggungjawab tersebut.

    Katanya, SPR telah meminta kerjasama pelbagai agensi, pertubuhan bukan kerajaan termasuk parti politik untuk membantu mendaftar pemilih, khasnya penduduk di kawa-san pedalaman.

    “Masalahnya, mereka tidak mahu mendaftar, walaupun kita pergi ke kawasan kampung untuk membantu mereka,” katanya.

    Sementara itu, menurutnya, SPR tidak akan berkompromi dengan mana-mana calon atau parti yang gagal mempamerkan nama dan alamat pencetak.

    Beliau memberitahu, sesiapa yang tidak mematuhi peraturan boleh dikenakan tindakan tegas, termasuk tindakan mahkamah yang merangkumi denda atau penjara, seperti yang termaktub dalam Sub Seksyen 11(1)(C) Akta Kesalahan Pilihan Raya 1954.

    Beliau turut mengaskan SPR berhak menurunkan sesebuah bahan kempen yang digantung.

    “Kita tidak pilihan lain melainkan lebih tegas memandangkan ramai wakil rakyat membantah cadangan meminda peraturan tersebut,” katanya.

    Antara barang kempen ialah risalah, brosur, bendera, panji-panji, sepanduk/kain rentang, poster, surat sebaran, papan iklan sementara, lencana, label dan lain-lain.

    Abdul Aziz menjelaskan, SPR pernah mencadang untuk meminda peraturan tersebut memandangkan ia sukar untuk dikuatkuasakan tetapi ketika dibincangkan di Dewan Rakyat dan Dewan Negara, ia menerima bantahan.

    Jelasnya, salah satu punca menyukarkan ia dikuat kuasa kerana bahan tersebut mungkin dicetak di luar negara.

    Bagaimanapun, dengan adanya maklumat pencetak disertakan sekali pada bahan kempen, katanya, ia akan memudahkan proses pemeriksaan sekiranya disyaki melibatkan unsur rasuah.

    “Ia akan memudahkan SPR atau pihak polis memeriksa dengan pencetak siapa yang bayar bil dan sebagainya,” katanya.

    Dalam perkembangan berkaitan, Timbalan Pengerusi SPR Datuk Wira Wan Ahmad Wan Omar berkata, SPR akan melantik sembilan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO) di Sarawak sebagai pemerhati tempatan pada PRU13 bagi menggantikan Badan Bebas Pemantau Pilihan Raya Malaysia (MAFREL).

    Wan Ahmad menjelaskan, NGO tersebut iaitu tiga di Kuching, dua di Sibu dan empat di Miri, akan menempatkan dua wakil di setiap 31 buah kerusi Parlimen seluruh negeri.

    “SPR akan melantik sembilan NGO tempatan mewakili semua kaum di Sarawak untuk menjadi pemerhati bebas dan berkecuali pada PRU-13.

    “Mereka hendaklah neutral dan tidak boleh terlibat dalam kempen,” katanya.

    Abdul Aziz menambah, MAFREL tidak lagi dipilih sebagai pemerhati berdasarkan rekod buruk pada bebarapa pilihan raya lepas.

    “Pilihan raya yang lepas, SPR mempunyai pengalaman pahit dengan mereka kerana telah banyak melangar syarat antaranya membuat kenyataan ke sana ke sini, tidak menyiapkan laporan dan berat sebelah.

    “Pemerhati SPR hendaklah neutral dan tidak berpihak kepada sesiapa,” katanya.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    171,023 foreign-born voters in electoral roll

    12:36PM Aug 9, 2012

    A total of 171,023 out of 13 million eligible voters in the current electoral roll, the largest number of them in Selangor, have the 'Code 71' in their MyKad, according to the Election commission (EC) chairperson Abdul Aziz Mohd Yusof.

    Code 71 makes up the seventh and eighth digits in the 12-digit MyKad number. It is one of the codes used by the National Registration Department (NRD) to indicate that the MyKad holder was born overseas or is a foreigner who has obtained Malaysian nationality.

    However, Abdul Aziz (left) said, the NRD has stopped using this code and has replaced it with country codes for the countries in which the MyKad holders were born.

    Reporting on this today, Oriental Daily News also quoted Abdul Aziz as disclosing the numbers of voters with Code 71 in their MyKad in several states during a briefing in Kota Kinabalu yesterday.

    Selangor tops the list with 32,458 voters, followed by Johor (27,929) and Kuala Lumpur (17,497). The number in Sabah, which has been flooded with immigrants, stands at 8,386 while the neighbouring federal territory of Labuan has 358 such voters.

    Abdul Aziz explained that being the most populous state in Malaysia and with the highest rate of employment, Selangor has attracted a large number of residents from other states, hence its high number of Code 71 voters.

    'Foreigners in roll to shore up support for BN'

    Opposition political parties, electoral reform coalition Bersih and political researchers have been disputing the registration of such people as voters.

    These foreigners, they argue, were given citizenship and voting rights to shore up support for the BN during elections.

    Malaysian Electoral Roll Analysis Project (Merap) director Ong Kian Ming has found that in certain voting areas, almost all newly registered voters with Code 71 MyKad were registered by government agencies and their addresses do not have house numbers, making them untraceable on the ground.

    The EC has explained that they cannot reject the registration of such voters as long as their records in the NRD are valid.

    During the briefing, EC deputy chairperson Wan Ahmad Wan Omar revealed that the electoral roll updated until the third quarter of 2012 shows that there are 946,533 voters in Sabah and 24,268 in Labuan.

    Of these, 9,544 are voters from the armed forces and 8,528 in police force, who are eligible for advanced voting. There are also 42 overseas voters who are postal voters. The numbers for these categories in Labuan are 1,605, 240 and four.


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