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Thread: MERP - Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme : Open Letter to the Prime Minister and Opposition Leader of Malaysia

   
   
       
  1. #1
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    MERP - Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme : Open Letter to the Prime Minister and Opposition Leader of Malaysia

    Open Letter to the Prime Minister and the Opposition Leader of Malaysia:

    IMPIAN MALAYSIA:
    MALAYSIAN ELECTIONS REFORM PROGRAMME (MERP)

    Facebook: Click Like 1 Juta Rakyat Malaysia menyokong Reformasi Sistem Pilihan Raya at http://on.fb.me/VPmxdp

    Download the documents here

    A Citizen Initiative for the Promotion of Free and Fair Elections

    Background
    Prime Minister, Dato Seri Najib Razak, has declared during an ntv7 talk show on 9th Apr 2012:
    Id like to repeat it once more that we will not want to be elected on the basis that we have rigged the elections or manipulated the elections. (Tindakmalaysia and FMT)

    Despite years of protests and appeals by Malaysians, the Election Commission (EC) has not taken any significant steps to improve the electoral system. Instead, it has got worse! There are millions of suspicious voters on the electoral rolls. Introduction of indelible ink and Advance Voting to partially replace Postal Voting appear to be insincere attempts to relieve public pressure, instead of resolving concerns over the unfair electoral process. It is clear the EC is an obstacle to Free and Fair Elections. We urge you to dismiss the present EC immediately and replace them with an Independent EC. We have proposed detailed procedures on how this can be accomplished in the MERP documents submitted to you already.

    Free and Fair Elections
    Having observed the EC for decades, we have realised that they will not make any proposal to change the laws to ensure free and fair elections. Time and again, they will play for time and at the last minute, plead that they are unable to perform due to lack of time or resources. Despite having a budget of RM 400 million (with another RM 300 million for security), and clear-cut recommendations from the PSC on Electoral Reform, they still have not come up with any decent documents that will improve the electoral process. .

    Indelible ink
    In fact, the introduction of indelible ink before issue of the ballot paper to a voter can potentially, create chaos on polling day. This is contrary to common international practice where marking of the fingers are made after voting! Furthermore, the seating of the polling agent so far away from the polling clerk will make it very difficult for them to verify the presence or absence of ink on the voters finger.

    Advance Voting
    The EC has specified that Advance Voting for the Army and the Police shall be at least 3 days before polling day. That means the indelible ink for advance voters has to last at least (3+1) ie 4 days. But it is generally recognized that indelible ink is guaranteed for 72 hours maximum. Although it may be possible for the stain on the finger nails to last longer, current procedures has no provision barring the application of nail polish on the finger nails or a clear coating on the fingers that will prevent the ink from acting on the skin. So a voter can frustrate the objective of the indelible ink by painting the fingers with nail polish or coating the fingers with clear glue. On polling day, an Advance Voter can possibly enter the polling centre without any ink stain on his finger, and assume another identity.

    Posting Voting for Overseas Malaysians
    This is a very clearly stated in the PSC on Electoral Reform Report. We seem to see attempts by the EC to delay the approval until there will not be enough time for overseas Malaysians to register, first as voters and then as Postal Voters. At this late stage, it is probably not possible for Overseas Malaysians to register as postal voters in time. Such irresponsible behaviour on the part of the EC is inexcusable. To alleviate the problem, the EC must conduct mass registration of overseas Malaysians online through the internet, allowing them to register directly as postal voters. This will enable the next batch of voters to be gazetted by 21st Apr 2013 and vote if Parliament is dissolved after that.

    Meanwhile, in order not to jeopardize the smooth running of the elections and to maintain public confidence in the process, we request that the United Nations be invited to manage and run the coming general elections (GE 13). If a request is made now to the UN and the public is allowed to participate actively, there is enough time for elections to be run by May or Jun 2013. Therefore, we request that the Government go the full-term until 28th Apr 2013.

    Documentation
    We know you are sincere when you declared you want free and fair elections. We also know you are burdened with a recalcitrant EC who refuses to perform according to their Constitutional mandate. The solution is to dismiss them.

    Former Election Commission (EC) chief Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman said a royal commission of inquiry (RCI) on electoral reforms was necessary as Bersih 2.0's demands and proposals by the parliamentary select committee (PSC) on electoral reforms were not holistic enough. Both Bersih 2.0 and PSC did not provide solutions for structural problems within the electoral system. (Holistic reform) means studying all the laws, not just one or two.

    We agree with him that both the PSC recommendations and the BERSIH 2.0 Demands do not go far enough but it is not necessary for an RCI as the solution has been provided in the MERP submitted to you. We have spent the past year going through the Constitution, the Election Laws and the Regulations and have produced a proposal The Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme (MERP). There are 204 proposed amendments to the laws and regulations that detail exactly what needs to be done for free and fair elections. Of course, it will need the Attorney General to tidy up the language to conform to legislative standards but the bulk of the work has been done and the rest can be tidied up within 2 months. The MERP can be grouped into 5 major Target Areas. They are:


    1. Institutional Reform
    2. Clean Electoral Roll
    3. Fair Elections Process
    4. Transparent Elections Roll-out
    5. Ethics & Integrity





    These targets consist of 19 Goals:
    Item Description Group Title Grouping
    1 Replace current with Independent EC Institutional Reform 1 *
    2 Adopt UNUDHR, Minority & Indigenous Peoples Rights Institutional Reform 1 *
    3 Ombudsman Institutional Reform 1
    4 Government Funding for political parties Institutional Reform 1
    5 Public Institutions to be strengthened Institutional Reform 1
    6 Equal Funding for Elected Reps Institutional Reform 1
    7 Clean Electoral Roll Clean Electoral Roll 2 *
    8 Campaign Period 28 days Fair Elections Process 3 *
    9 Postal Voting to include overseas Malaysians Fair Elections Process 3
    10 Indelible Ink to be applied after voting Fair Elections Process 3
    11 Federal Territory to be given DUN status Fair Elections Process 3
    12 UN-Managed Elections Transparent Elections Roll-out 4 *
    13 Free & Fair Communications Access Transparent Elections Roll-out 4
    14 International Observers Transparent Elections Roll-out 4
    15 Eliminate Corruption Ethics & Integrity 5
    16 Stop Dirty Politics Ethics & Integrity 5
    17 Candidates are bound by Election Promises Ethics & Integrity 5 *
    18 Code of Conduct Ethics & Integrity 5
    19 Increase salaries of MPs and ADUNs Ethics & Integrity 5

    Six (marked *) can be adopted and implemented immediately without need for new legislation.
    Goal no:
    1. Replace current EC with Independent
    2. Adopt UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Minority & Indigenous Peoples Rights, and incorporate into domestic law
    7. Clean Electoral Roll
    8. Campaign Period 28 days
    12. UN-Managed Elections
    17. Candidates are bound by Election Promises (We are currently drafting the Code of Conduct for Elections and should have it ready soon. http://bit.ly/Z9lYlq)

    The above documents were submitted to your office from 20th to 23rd Dec 2012. It can also be found at our website tindakmalaysia.com MERP. To make the necessary amendments to the Federal Constitution and to appoint a new and independent Election Commission, require the co-operation of both the Government and the Opposition. This can be done. All it needs is for both of you to say yes, to call a special Parliamentary session to pass all proposals in the MERP and for the Senate to endorse it.

    We know you will face resistance from some of your MPs and Senators. To help you, we will start an online petition (YES to MERP for Free and Fair Elections!) for Malaysians to endorse the MERP so that it will give you added strength to push these reforms through. These reforms are far-ranging. It will need courage to pull it through. We believe you have it in abundance.

    Time is running. We request a positive response by 8th Jan 2013. This will tell us you meant what you said on 9th Apr 2012 on ntv7.


    Timeline: Can it be done in time?

    This is a common concern, Dato Seri Najib. And the answer is: Yes!

    Below are our suggestions:



    We know the above programme is a bit tight but you can do it. At least, you can try.

    On the other hand, silence on your part will also be an answer. It means that you do not support Free and Fair Elections.

    Dato Seri Najib, you have an historic opportunity to return the power to the people and create a legacy that will launch Malaysia into the new millennium as a fully-functioning democracy?

    Will you take up this challenge to transform the nation?

    The decision lies with you.




    Yours faithfully,

    PY Wong,
    Tindak Malaysia
    012-2149322
    pywong@tindakmalaysia.com

    For and on behalf of:
    1. ABU,
    2. CPI - Centre for Policy Initiative
    3. HINDRAF (Hindu Rights Action Force),
    4. MAFREL,
    5. OKU Bangkit,
    6. SABM (Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia)
    7. SADIA (Sarawak Dayak Iban Association),
    8. SCANE (Sarawak Conservation Alliance for Natural Environment),
    9. SEW - Sibu Election Watchers
    10. SMSL (Save Malaysia, Stop Lynas),
    11. Tindak Malaysia.
    py

  2. #2
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    Surat Terbuka kepada Perdana Menteri dan Ketua Pembangkan Malaysia:

    IMPIAN MALAYSIA:
    MERAKYATKAN KUASA NEGARA MELALUI SISTEM PILIHANRAYA YANG ADIL & BEBAS.

    Facebook: Klik Like 1 Juta Rakyat Malaysia menyokong Reformasi Sistem Pilihan Raya di http://on.fb.me/VPmxdp

    Inisiatif Rakyat dalam mewujudkan Pilihanraya yang Bersih dan Adil


    Latarbelakang

    Perdana Menteri, Dato Seri Najib Razak telah mengisytiharkan dalam satu siding temubual diantara ntv7 pada 9hb April, 2012:

    Saya mengulangi sekali lagi kami tidak mahu dipilih kerana pilihanraya diselewangi atau pilihanraya dimanipulasi. (Tindakmalaysia dan FMT)

    Walaupun sudah beberapa kali rakyat Malaysia membuat permintaan serta protes, SPR (SuruhanJaya Pilihanraya) masih tidak lagi mengambil langkah-langkah untuk memperbetulkan sistem Pilihan Raya yang sedia ada, malah, ianya menjadi semakin teruk lagi. Terdapat lebih dari berjuta-juta nama-nama yang tidak diketahui status sebenar di dalam daftar pemilih yang sedia ada. Dalam pengenalan Dakwat Kekal dan Pengundian Awal (yang bakal mengantikan Pengundian Pos) ianya seperti mempunyai unsur-unsur udang di sebalik batu dan tidak jujur dalam menunaikan permintaan rakyat, lantas secara langsung tidak menyelesaikan masalah-masalah yang wujud dalam sistem piliharaya yang tidak adil secara langsung. Ianya amat ketara di mana SPR adalah penghalang utama dalam memastikan Pilihanraya yang Bersih dan Adil. Kami menyeru kepada Dato Seri Najib, untuk membubarkan SPR yang sedia ada dengan serta merta dan mengantikan mereka dengan satu Organisasi SPR yang bebas. Kami ingin mencadangkan prosedur-prosedur yang teliti dalam tatacara untuk mencapai sistem yang bersih dan adil yang telah disertakan bersama dokumen MERP

    Pilihanraya Yang Bersih dan Adil

    Setelah memerhati tatacara SPR yang sedia ada dalam beberapa dekad, kami dapati pihak SPR tidak membuat sebarang langkah-langkah atau cadangan dalam pemindaan peraturan serta Undang-undang dalam memastikan pilihanraya yand bersih dan adil. Dari masa ke masa, Pihak SPR akan beria-ia dalam menunaikan permintaan rakyat, akan tetapi, pada saat-saat terakhir, mereka akan menarik balik penunaian tersebut atas alasan mereka, tidak dapat menjalankan sistem pembaruan tersebut kerana tidak cukup masa serta sumber-sumber yang lain. Sedangkan, bajet yang diagihkan kepada SPR sebanyak RM 400 Juta (tambahan RM 300 Juta untuk keselamatan serta kawalan) dan juga, cadangan-cadangan PSC dalam perubahan sistem pilihanraya, masih lagi tidak menghasilkan sebarang dokumentasi atau saranan dalam memperkukuhkan sistem piliharanraya.

    Dakwat Kekal

    Pada hakikatnya, dalam pengenalan dakwat kekal sebelum kertas undi diberikan , ianya berpontesi dalam mengwujudkan pengeliruan yang amat besar pada hari pengundian. Dalam konteks yang logic, di mana ianya dipraktikkan kebanyakan negara-negara yang lain, ialah dengan mengenakan dakwat kekal SELEPAS kertas kertas undi diberikan! Ditambahkan lagi, kedudukan Ejen Tempat Mengundi (ETM) adalah sangat jauh dari Kerani Pengundian SPR, di mana ianya akan menyusahkan lagi pihak ETM untuk memastikan sama ada pengundi yang masuk ada dikenakan dengan dakwat kekal pada jarinya.


    Pengundian Awal

    SPR telah membuat satu kenyataan, bahawa Pengundian Awal untuk anggota Askar serta Polis akan dilakukan tidak kurang dari 3 hari sebelum hari pilihanraya yang sebenar. Ini bermaksud, dakwat kekal yang digunakan hendaklah bertahan tidak kurang dari empat hari (3 + 1 = 4 hari) . Akan tetapi, ianya menjadi satu isu, kerana mengikut pemahaman kami, dakyat kekal hanya mampu bertahan tidak lebih dari 72 jam. Hakikatnya, dakwat kekal ini mampu bertahan lebih lama lagi sekiranya tatacara aplikasi dakwat ini dapat memastikan jari pemilih tidak mempunyai sebarang lapisan di atas jari yang boleh membuat dakwat kekal ini tidak melekat dengan sepatutnya pada jari pemilih. Dengan cara yang sedia ada, para pemilih boleh mengenakan sesuatu seperti pewarna kuku atau pelekat tanpa warna ke jari mereka untuk membolehkan jari mereka bebas dari dakwat kekal pada hari pengundian awal, dan justeru dengan itu dapat mengundi pada hari mengundi atau menyamar sebagai pengundi yang lain.

    Undi Pos untuk Warganegara Malaysia di Negara asing

    Ini adalah sangat jelas dinyatakan dalam Laporan Pembaharuan Pilihan Raya Jawatankuasa Pilihan Khas Parlimen (PSC). Kita melihat SPR melambatkan kelulusan sehingga tidak mempunyai masa yang cukup untuk Rakyat Malaysia di luar negara untuk mendaftar, pertama sebagai pengundi dan kemudian sebagai Pengundi Pos. Pada peringkat ini, ia mungkin mustahil untuk rakyat Malaysia yang bermastautin di luar negara untuk mendaftar sebagai pengundi pos sebelum tamat masanya. Tingkah laku yang tidak bertanggungjawab oleh SPR tini idak boleh dimaafkan. Untuk mengurangkan masalah ini, SPR mesti menjalankan pendaftaran secara besar-besaran untuk rakyat Malaysia di luar negara melalui internet, yang membolehkan mereka untuk mendaftar terus sebagai pengundi pos. Dengan demikian, kumpulan pengundi yang berdaftar itu dapat diwartakan apabila tiba 21 Apr 2013 dan layak mengundi jika Parlimen dibubarkan selepas itu.

    Sementara dengan itu, demi untuk tidak menjejaskan kelancaran pilihan raya dan untuk mengekalkan keyakinan orang ramai dalam proses Pilihan Raya, kami meminta supaya Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (PBB) dijemput untuk mengurus dan menjalankan pilihan raya umum yang akan datang (PRU 13). Jika permintaan dibuat sekarang ke PBB dan orang ramai dibenarkan untuk mengambil bahagian secara aktif, pilihan raya pasti mempunyai masa yang cukup untuk dijalankan pada Mei atau Jun 2013. Oleh itu, kami meminta Kerajaan untuk menangguhkan pembubaran parlimen sehingga 28hb Apr 2013.

    Dokumentasi

    Kita tahu Perdana Menteri adalah ikhlas ketika menyatakan kehendak untuk pilihan raya yang bebas dan adil. Kita juga tahu Perdan Menteri dibebani dengan kedegilan SPR yang enggan melaksanakan tugas mengikut mandat perlembagaan mereka. Cara penyelesaiannya adalah dengan memecat mereka.

    Bekas Ketua Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR), Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman pernah menyatakan perlunya untuk penubuhan Suruhanjaya Siasatan Di Raja (RCI) demi untuk mencapai sistem pilihan raya yang baru, kerana tuntutan-tuntutan BERSIH 2.0 serta cadangan-cadangan yang dikemukakan oleh Pemilihan Jawatankuasa Parliment (PSC) adalah tidak cupup holistik. BERSIH 2.0 dan PSC tidak menyediakan sebarang penyelesaian kepada masalah structur sistem pilihan raya. (Pembaruan Holistik) bermakna mengkaji bukan sekadar satu atau dua undang-undang, tetapi kesemuanya.

    Kami bersetuju dengan beliau bahawa cadangan-cadanagn PSC dan Tuntutan Bersih 2.0 tidak dapat ditunaikan sejauh mana. Namun, RCI tidak perlu dijadikan isu kerana MERP telah pun menyediakan cara untuk menyelesaikannya. Kami telah meluangkan masa selama lebih daripada satu tahun yang lepas mengamati Perlembagan Negara, Undang-undang dan Peraturan Pilihan Raya dan dengan ini kami menyusulkan saranan Program Reformasi Pilihan Raya Malaysia Terdapat 204 cadangan yang teliti dan mendalam yang perlu dipinda di dalam Undang-undang dan Peraturan Pilihan Raya bagi memastikan Pilihan raya yang bebas dan adil. Peguam Negara hanya perlu menyelenggarakannya dengan bahasa yang sesuai selari dengan piawaian legislative negara. Walaubagaimanapun, sebahagian besar beban kerja sudah dijalankan dan ianya hanya perlu 2 bulan sahaja untuk diselenggarakan. MERP boleh dikategorikan kepada 5 Sasaran Asas. Ianya adalah seperti berikut:

    1. Reform Institusi,
    2. Senarai Undi yang Bersih,
    3. Proses Pilihanraya yang Adil,
    4. Penjalanan pilihanraya yang cerah,
    5. Etika & Integriti.

    Sasaran itu mengandungi 19 Gol:
    Item
    Deskripsi
    Tajuk Kategori
    Kategori
    1
    Menukar kepada SPR yang baru dan bebas
    Reformasi Institusi
    1 *
    2
    Mengikut Deklarasi Hak-hak Asasi Manusia UN, Minoriti & Orang Asli/Orang Asal
    Reformasi Institusi
    1 *
    3
    Ombudsman
    Reformasi Institusi
    1
    4
    Pembiayaian kerajaan kepada parti-parti politik
    Reformasi Institusi
    1
    5
    Menguatkan institusi-institusi awam
    Reformasi Institusi
    1
    6
    Pembiayaian saksama bagi setiap wakil rakyat
    Reformasi Institusi
    1
    7
    Senarai Pengundi yang Bersih
    Bersihkan Senarai Pengundi
    2 *
    8
    Tempoh Kempen selama 28 Hari
    Proses Pilihan Raya yang Adil
    3 *
    9
    Undi Pos untuk rakyat Malaysia yang berada luar negeri


    Proses Pilihan Raya yang Adil
    3
    10
    Menggunakan dakwat kekal semasa mengundi
    Proses Pilihan Raya yang Adil
    3
    11
    Status DUN diberi kepada FT
    Proses Pilihan Raya yang Adil
    3
    12
    Pilihan Raya yang dikendalikan oleh UN
    Pelancaran Pilihan Raya yang Telus
    4 *
    13
    Akses komunikasi yang bebas dan adil
    Pelancaran Pilihan Raya yang Telus
    4
    14
    Pemerhati Antarabangsa
    Pelancaran Pilihan Raya yang Telus
    4
    15
    Menghapuskan Korupsi
    Etika dan Integriti
    5
    16
    Berhentikan Politik Kotor
    Etika dan Integriti
    5
    17
    Calon-calon perlu menunaikan janji-janji Pilihan Raya
    Etika dan Integriti
    5 *
    18
    Kod Kelakuan
    Etika dan Integriti
    5
    19
    Gaji setiap MP dan Adun dinaikkan
    Etika dan Integriti
    5



    Terdapat enam (ditandai *) yang boleh diterima dan dilaksanakan dengan segera tanpa memerlukan perundangan yang baru.

    Nombor Sasaran:
    1. Menukar kepada SPR yang baru dan bebas
    2. Mengikut Deklarasi Hak-hak Asasi Manusia UN, Minoriti & Orang Asli/Orang Asal
    7. Senarai Pengundi yang bersih
    8. Tempoh Kempen selama 28 hari
    12. Pilihan Raya yang dikendalikan oleh UN
    17. Calon-calon perlu menunaikan janji-janji Pilihan Raya (Kami kini sedang merangka Kod Kelakuan Pilihan Raya dan ianya akan dikeluarkan tidak lama lagi. http://bit.ly/Z9lYlq)

    Dokumen-dokumen seperti yang tersebut di atas telah pun diserahkan kepada pejabat Perdana Menteri semenjak 20hb sehingga 23hb dec 2012. Ia juga boleh didapati di laman web kami, tindakmalaysia.com MERP. Kerjasama daripada pihak Kerajaan dan Pembangkang adalah perlu di dalam membuat pindaan-pindaan penting Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan demi untuk menubuhkan sebuah SPR yang baru dan bebas, Ianya pasti boleh dilaksanakan. Pihak kerajaan dan parti pembangkang hanya perlu setuju untuk mengadakan sebuah sesi Parlimen khas bagi meluluskan kesemua cadangan-cadangan MERP, berserta dengan pengiktirafan daripada ahli-ahli Senat.

    Kami tahu Perdana Menteri pasti akan menghadapi bantahan daripada beberapa MP dan Senator. Kami sedia membantu dengan memulakan petisyen dalam talian (YES kepada MERP for Free and Fair Elections!) bagi mendapatkan kata sepakat daripada rakyat Malaysia terhadap MERP, yang pastinya akan memberi sokongan kepada Perdana Menteri untuk melaksanakan reformasi-reformasi yang dikehendaki. Reformasi ini adalah berlangkah jauh. Ianya memerlukan kesungguhan untuk direalisasikan. Kami penuh percaya Perdana Menteri mempunyai kesungguhan tersebut.



    Masa sentiasa beredar. Maka, kami memohon tindakbalas yang positif sebelum 8hb Jan 2013. Ini akan membuktikan kepada kami yang Perdana Menteri ikhlas dengan apa yag dikata pada 9hb Apr 2012 di ntv7.


    Had Masa: Sempatkah ianya dilaksanakan?

    Ini adalah berkenaan semua, Dato Seri Najib. Dan jawapannya ialah: Ya!
    Berikut adalah cadangan-cadangan kami:



    Kita tahu program di atas adalah agak ketat tetapi anda boleh melakukannya. Sekurang-kurangnya, anda boleh cuba.

    Sebaliknya, bersenyap dalam perkara ini dipihak anda juga akan menjadi jawapannya. Ia bermakna bahawa anda tidak menyokong Pilihanraya Bebas dan Adil.

    Dato Seri Najib, anda mempunyai peluang bersejarah untuk mengembalikan kuasa kepada rakyat dan mewujudkansatu legasi yang akan melancarkan Malaysia ke alaf baru sebagai sebuah demokrasi sepenuhnya berfungsi?

    Adakah anda akan mengambil cabaran ini untuk mengubah negara?

    Keputusan terletak dengan anda.

    Yang benar,


    PY Wong,
    Tindak Malaysia
    012-2149322
    pywong@tindakmalaysia.com

    Bagi pihak:
    1. ABU,
    2. CPI - Centre for Policy Initiative
    3. HINDRAF (Hindu Rights Action Force),
    4. MAFREL,
    5. OKU Bangkit,
    6. SABM (Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia)
    7. SADIA (Sarawak Dayak Iban Association),
    8. SCANE (Sarawak Conservation Alliance for Natural Environment),
    9. SEW - Sibu Election Watchers
    10. SMSL (Save Malaysia, Stop Lynas),
    11. Tindak Malaysia.
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Click image for larger version. 

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    py

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Posts
    12,727
    致大馬首相和反對黨領袖的公開信:
    馬來西亞之夢:
    公正公平選舉,國家權力民權化
    (大馬選舉改革計劃)

    面子書:歡迎前來一百萬大馬國民指出選舉改革專頁按讚,http://on.fb.me/VPmxdp

    這是一項由公民發起要求乾淨、公平選舉的呼籲。

    背景:
    首相拿督斯里納吉,曾在2012年4月9日,在NTV7電台宣稱:
    我要重申,我們不會希望在操弄選舉的情況下贏得選舉。

    近年來雖然大馬公民一再抗議和反對,選舉委員會(EC)仍沒有採取任何顯著的舉動,來改善選舉制度,反之情 況變得更為堪虞。例如選民冊裡出現百萬的幽靈選民,雖選委會為平息民眾壓力,宣布不褪色墨汁和軍警提前投票 以局部替代郵寄選票,仍缺乏誠意,且無法解決根本上不公平選舉問題。


    很顯然,選委會才是乾淨、公平選舉的障礙。為此我們要求您解散現有的選委會,並代之以更為獨立的成員。我們 也已在《大馬選舉改革計劃》中提供詳細的方案供參考。

    自由與公平的選舉
    數十年來觀測選委會,我們已了解該組織不會為了確保自由公平選舉,而做出任何法律上的改革。即使獲得4億的 撥款(另附加3億為保安之用),以及國會遴選委員會提出建議,他們仍會再次以缺乏資源和時間為由,宣稱無法 做出改革。

    不褪色墨水
    其他國家的選舉制度,是在投票後才讓選民塗抹不褪色墨水。然而,本次大選讓選民在領取選票前即塗抹墨水,屆 時肯定會引起投票過程的混亂。再者,監票員的位置也讓他們難以監督書記是否有為選民點上顯見的 墨水。

    軍警提前投票
    雖然選委會宣布軍警需在至少3天前即進行提前投票,然而一般不褪色墨水時效只限72小時,是否能確保墨水痕 跡維持超過三天。再者,選委會並未明文禁止指甲油的使用,這意味著即使提前投票的選民,他們只需把墨水以指 甲油塗抹,屆時仍可以另一個身份前往投票。

    海外公民郵寄選票
    雖然國會遴選委員會早已提出建議,然而選委會卻有意拖延,以致屆時沒有足夠的時間為海外選民登記。在目前階 段,很可能許多海外公民無法趕上在來屆國選投票。選委會的疏忽是不可原諒的。該會應該馬上針對海外公民進行 大規模的登記活動,透過網路登記,讓他們得以成為郵寄選民,如果他們得以在2013年4月21日前憲報在選 民冊,才有可能在這個日期後公佈的國選投票。

    與此同時,為避免妨礙選舉順利進行和維持公信力,我們呼籲邀請聯合國組織主持第13屆國選,如果現在向聯合 國提出要求,並且公民獲准參與選舉工作,仍有足夠的時間在5月或6月舉行大選。為此,我們要求現任政府運作 至2013年4月28日屆滿為止。

    我們的方案
    我們了解閣下宣稱要求一個乾淨、公平的選舉時真誠的,也理解您對於罔顧憲法賦權、不願改革的頑固選委會感到 困擾,而解決辦法便是解散選委會。

    前選委會主席阿都拉希阿都拉曼曾建議成立皇家諮詢委員會,這是因為淨選盟2.0和國會遴選委會提出有關選舉 改革的方案仍不夠全面,無法解決架構上的問題,且全面指的是,重新研討所有的法律,不只是一兩 項。

    我們贊同阿都拉希的觀點,不過我們已提出選舉改革方案予閣下,成立皇家諮詢委會已非必要。我們在過去一年重 新探討憲法、所有的選舉法令和規章,並擬定出大馬選舉改革計劃。為實現真正的乾淨公平選舉,內容包含了 204項建議修改的事項。固然這些建議修改的條例仍需經過總檢察長審核,以確保法律字眼需求,但是整體工作 都已完成,整理所有修改規章也只需兩個月時間。

    大馬選舉改革計劃分成5項指標領域:
    1)機構的重整和改革
    2)清理選民冊
    3)公平的選舉流程
    4)透明化的選舉
    5)選舉的倫理和廉正

    以下為我們要達成的19項目標:

    事項
    領域
    組別
    1
    以獨立的選委人員替代現有選委會
    機構改革
    1 *
    2
    實踐聯合國人權宣言和少數群體與原住民人權
    機構改革
    1 *
    3
    監察員
    機構改革
    1
    4
    政府資助政黨
    機構改革
    1
    5
    強化公共機構
    機構改革
    1
    6
    代議士獲得公平撥款
    機構改革
    1
    7
    清理選民冊
    清理選民冊
    2 *
    8
    競選期長達28
    公平的選舉流程
    3 *
    9
    海外選民郵寄選票
    公平的選舉流程
    3
    10
    投票後才施不褪色墨汁
    公平的選舉流程
    3
    11
    聯邦直轄區須有州代議士代表
    公平的選舉流程
    3
    12
    邀請聯合國主持大選
    透明化的選舉
    4 *
    13
    公平和自由的資訊聯繫
    透明化的選舉
    4
    14
    國際觀察員監督
    透明化的選舉
    4
    15
    終止貪腐
    選舉的倫理和廉正
    5
    16
    停止骯髒政治
    選舉的倫理和廉正
    5
    17
    候選人需實踐競選承諾
    選舉的倫理和廉正
    5 *
    18
    候選人行為準則
    選舉的倫理和廉正
    5
    19
    提升國會議員和州議員薪水
    選舉的倫理和廉正
    5

    六項(*)號代表不需重新立法即可馬上實行的事項。

    目標註釋:
    1.以身份更為獨立的成員替代現有選委會
    2.尊重聯合國人權宣言和少數群體、原住民人權宣言,並實踐在國內法律。
    7.重新整理選民冊
    8. 競選期增至28天
    12.聯合國主持來屆國選
    17.候選人需對選舉承諾負責(目前,我們仍在草擬競選行為準則 http://bit.ly/Z9lYlq

    以上的文件已在本月20至23日提呈到閣下的辦公室,也能在行動大馬組織網站- tindakmalaysia.com MERP閱讀。要修改憲法和委任獨立的選委會成員,仍需朝野政黨的合作,這是可行的。只要閣下同意,並召開特別國會 會議,以尋求議員通過上述的大馬選舉制度改革方案。

    或許您會面對成員黨議員的反對,為了協助閣下,我們已召開網上聯署運動,號召大馬公民聯署支持大馬選舉改革 方案,以顯示公民對閣下推動此計劃的支持。這項改革涵蓋範圍廣,也相信閣下有足夠的勇氣去實現 之。

    我們希望閣下在2013年1月8日恢復我們的訴求,也能展示您針對今年4月9日您在NTV7節目談話內容的 立場。

    選舉改革進程的可行?
    我們想告訴閣下,選舉改革絕對可行。以下為我們建議的改革進程:

    2013年1月8日:首相拿督斯里納吉和安華同意選舉改革計劃,指示選委會委員辭職。選委會詳細探討選舉改 革方案,並向政府提出建議,行動大馬也可提供協助和諮詢。選委會在2013年3月1日前擬定新的選舉規章, 以呈予最高元首批准。
    2013年1月15日:政府邀請聯合國組織主持第13屆全國大選。
    2013年1月21日:首相成立國會遴選委會,審核新的選舉規章,同時諮詢公民社會,確保其精神符合選舉改 革計劃。
    2013年2月15日:聯合國選舉團隊開始準備第13屆國選工作,並遴選和訓練民眾,以直接參與主持選舉, 包括擔任臨時選舉主任、投票站主任、執法官員和職員等。
    2013年2月28日:經過兩個星期民眾諮詢,以及首相和反對黨領袖建議,最高元首正式委任獨立選委會 。
    2013年3月1日:選委會擬定新選舉規章,以呈予最高元首批准憲報。
    2013年3月8日:總檢察長完成修法草案。
    2013年3月21日:召開特別國會會議,以辯論修法草案和新選舉規章。
    2013年4月5日:國會通過修法草案和新選舉規章。
    2013年4月15日:上議院通過新選舉法令。
    2013年4月21日:最高元首同意修改聯邦憲法、修改和附加選舉法令與選舉規章。

    雖然以上行程略微倉促,但是仍值得閣下一試。然而,您的沉默也是對我們的回复,表示您並不支持乾淨公平選舉 。
    拿督斯里納吉,您是否願意掌握一個將全力付還人民的歷史契機,為大馬後世開創一個進入完全民主化時代,接受 這次的挑戰,引領這個國家進入轉型?

    決定在於閣下。

    真誠敬致,
    黃炳耀
    行動大馬組織
    012-2149322
    pywong@tindakmalaysia.com

    代表以下組織:
    1. ABU,
    2. CPI 政策倡議中心
    3. HINDRAF (興都權利行動力量),
    4. MAFREL,
    5. OKU Bangkit,
    6. SABM (我是大馬國民)
    7. SADIA (砂拉越達雅伊班協會)
    8. SCANE (砂拉越保护自然环境联盟),
    9. SEW 詩巫選舉觀察組織
    10. SMSL 拯救大馬,
    11. Tindak Malaysia.行動大馬
    py

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Posts
    12,727
    What others say?

    Our objective is to ask the people to support the party or coalition that supports free and fair elections. If BN accepts, they have to implement by 21st Apr 2013. If PR accepts and wins the GE, they are given an extra year and have to implement by 21st Apr 2014.

    Malaysia-today



    An Open Letter

    Patrick Teoh

    This is very long to read. But it is recommended reading in Malaysia's political climate today. It is an Open Letter written for and on behalf of NGO's to the prime minister and the leader of the Opposition.
    http://www.niamah.com/2013/01/an-open-letter.html


    Selangor Times:

    Citizen initiative for free and fair elections

    Published: Fri, 04 Jan 2013
    PRIME Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak had declared during an ntv7 talkshow on April 9, 2012: Id like to repeat it once more that we will not want to be elected on the basis that we have rigged the elections or manipulated the elections.
    Despite years of protests and appeals by Malaysians, the Election Commission (EC) has not taken any significant steps to improve the electoral system. Instead, it has got worse!
    There are millions of suspicious voters on the electoral roll.
    Introduction of indelible ink and advance voting to partially replace postal voting appear to be insincere attempts to relieve public pressure, instead of resolving concerns over the unfair electoral process.

    It is clear the EC is an obstacle to free and fair elections. We urge you to dismiss the EC immediately and replace them with an independent EC.

    We have proposed detailed procedures on how this can be accomplished in the Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme (MERP) documents submitted to you.

    Free and fair elections
    Having observed the EC for decades, we have realised that they will not make any proposal to change the laws to ensure free and fair elections. Time and again, they will play for time and at the last minute, plead that they are unable to perform due to lack of time or resources.

    Despite having a budget of RM400 million (with another RM300 million for security), and clear-cut recommendations from the PSC on Electoral Reform, they still have not come up with any decent documents that will improve the electoral process. .

    Indelible ink

    In fact, the introduction of indelible ink before issue of the ballot paper to a voter can, potentially, create chaos on polling day. This is contrary to common international practice where marking of the fingers are made after voting! Furthermore, the seating of the polling agent so far away from the polling clerk will make it very difficult for them to verify the presence or absence of ink on the voters finger.

    Advance Voting

    The EC has specified that advance voting for the army and the police shall be at least three days before polling day. That means the indelible ink for advance voters has to last at least (3+1) ie four days. But it is generally recognised that indelible ink is guaranteed for 72 hours maximum. Although it may be possible for the stain on the finger nails to last longer, current procedures have no provision barring the application of nail polish on the finger nails or a clear coating on the fingers that will prevent the ink from acting on the skin.

    So a voter can frustrate the objective of the indelible ink by painting the fingers with nail polish or coating the fingers with clear glue. On polling day, an advance voter can possibly enter the polling centre without any ink stain on his finger, and assume another identity.

    Postal voting for overseas Malaysians

    This is very clearly stated in the PSC on Electoral Reform Report. We seem to see attempts by the EC to delay the approval until there will not be enough time for overseas Malaysians to register, first as voters and then as postal voters.

    At this late stage, it is probably not possible for overseas Malaysians to register as postal voters in time. Such irresponsible behaviour on the part of the EC is inexcusable.

    To alleviate the problem, the EC must conduct mass registration of overseas Malaysians online through the internet, allowing them to register directly as postal voters. This will enable the next batch of voters to be gazetted by April 21 and vote if Parliament is dissolved after that.

    Meanwhile, in order not to jeopardise the smooth running of the elections and to maintain public confidence in the process, we request that the United Nations be invited to manage and run the coming general elections (GE 13).

    If a request is made now to the UN and the public is allowed to participate actively, there is enough time for elections to be run by May or June.

    Therefore, we request that the Government go the full-term until April 28.

    Documentation

    We know you are sincere when you declared you want free and fair elections. We also know you are burdened with a recalcitrant EC who refuses to perform according to their Constitutional mandate. The solution is to dismiss them.

    Former Election Commission chief Tan Sri Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman said a royal commission of inquiry (RCI) on electoral reforms was necessary as Bersih 2.0s demands and proposals by the parliamentary select committee (PSC) on electoral reforms were not holistic enough.

    Both Bersih 2.0 and PSC did not provide solutions for structural problems within the electoral system. (Holistic reform) means studying all the laws, not just one or two.

    We agree with him that both the PSC recommendations and the Bersih 2.0 demands do not go far enough but it is not necessary for an RCI as the solution has been provided in the MERP submitted to you.

    We have spent the past year going through the Constitution, the Election Laws and the Regulations and have produced a proposal The Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme (MERP).
    There are 204 proposed amendments to the laws and regulations that detail exactly what needs to be done for free and fair elections.

    Of course, it will need the Attorney General to tidy up the language to conform to legislative standards but the bulk of the work has been done and the rest can be tidied up within two months.

    The MERP can be grouped into five major Target Areas (see graphic above, left).

    The above documents were submitted to your office from Dec 20- 23, last year. It can also be found at our website tindakmalaysia.com MERP. To make the necessary amendments to the Federal Constitution and to appoint a new and independent Election Commission, require the co-operation of both the Government and the Opposition. This can be done. All it needs is for both of you to say yes, to call a special Parliamentary session to pass all proposals in the MERP and for the Senate to endorse it.

    We know you will face resistance from some of your MPs and senators. To help you, we will start an online petition (YES to MERP for Free and Fair Elections!) for Malaysians to endorse the MERP so that it will give you added strength to push these reforms through.

    These reforms are far-ranging. It will need courage to pull it through. We believe you have it in abundance.]Time is running out. We request a positive response by Jan 8. This will tell us you meant what you said on ntv7.

    Timeline: Can it be done in time?

    This is a common concern, Datuk Seri Najib. And the answer is: Yes!

    Here are our suggestions (see graphic above, right):

    We know the above programme is a bit tight but you can do it. At least, you can try.

    On the other hand, silence on your part will also be an answer. It means that you do not support free and fair elections.

    Datuk Seri Najib, you have the historic opportunity to return the power to the people and create a legacy that will launch Malaysia into the new millennium as a fully-functioning democracy.

    Will you take up this challenge to transform the nation?

    The decision lies with you.

    PY Wong,

    Tindak Malaysia


    For and on behalf of:
    1 ABU,
    2 CPI - Centre for Policy Initiative
    3 HINDRAF (Hindu Rights Action Force),
    4 MAFREL,
    5 OKU Bangkit,
    6 SABM (Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia)
    7 SADIA (Sarawak Dayak Iban Association),
    8 SCANE (Sarawak Conservation Alliance for Natural Environment),
    9 SEW - Sibu Election Watchers
    10 SMSL (Save Malaysia, Stop Lynas),
    11 Tindak Malaysia.


    Selangor Times

    py

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Posts
    12,727
    The 204 Proposals on Electoral Reform.

    No Description Implement on 31st Jan 2013 15th Apr 2013 15th Apr 2014
    0 Federal Constitution
    1 Article 45 Composition of Senate: 2 elected from each state and combined Federal Territories of KL, Labuan & Putrajaya, 42 elected from the Federation using results of General Election for House of Representatives (proportional representation in the Senate). 5 year term to coincide with Parliament. Max 2 Terms. 1
    2 Article 46 Increase no. of MPs from 222 to 230. To reduce malapportionment, the House of Representatives for Peninsular Malaysia is restructured to reflect voter population of GE 12. A more accurate method should be to use the last census of the population. Set at 10 % plus or minus of the electoral quota for Peninsular Malaysia. For Sabah & Sarawak, the seat size is set at plus or minus 15% of the electoral quota for each state to reflect its larger size and poorer communication facilities. Sabah 26 seats, Sarawak 38 seats to maintain the same ratio determined in 1963. Common argument of MP not being able to serve a geographically large is false as the service required is more of infrastructure, which is provided by the Division Engineer. Final target of 5% by 1st Jan 2020 with corresponding improvement in communications infrastructure for Sabah & Sarawak. There is provision for the EC to amend the seats according to pre-defined rules and subject to 2 rounds of review by Parliament, can eventually make the amendments independently of Parliament. 1
    3 Article 48 Delete 48 (1)(d) on election return and references to it in 48 (3). No time bar for MP who resign from seeking re-election. 1
    4 Article 49 Provisions against double memberships: A person cannot hold more than one position of MP, Senator or State Assemblyman. 1
    5 Article 51 Resign from party requires resignation from the House or Senate. 1
    6 Article 54 casual vacancies No re-election within 1 year of date of mandatory Parliament dissolution. Determination of casual vacancy by Senate President or Speaker of the House. 1
    7 Article 54A Casual vacancies for local councils and presidents/mayors. 1
    8 Article 55 Parliament fixed term of 5 years. Speaker shall call for vote of confidence if demanded by Opposition Leader. 1
    9 Article 55A - Care-taker Govt consisting of Interim PM agreed upon by ex-PM and ex-Opposition Leader and appointed by Agong. Interim PM can appoint up to 5 members to his cabinet. None of them can take part in the elections. Code of conduct. 1
    10 Article 56 Senate President or Deputy President shall cease to hold office on dissolution of Parliament or expiry of his term of appointment. 1
    11 Article 59 seat become vacant if member did not take seat within 6 months of appointment. 1
    12 Article 113 EC to conduct elections for Senate and Local Councils plus presidents and mayors. Redelimitation to be mandatory every 10 years to reflect demographic change. No interim redelimitation permitted arising from change in no. of MPs and ADUNs due to change under Article 46. 1
    13 Article 113A Registration and regulation of political parties and political organization. 1
    14 Article 114 . Agong shall appoint EC after consultation with Conference of Rulers, PM and Opposition Leader. At least 2 members shall be from Sabah and Sarawak. EC members must enjoy confidence of all political parties and communities, and be subjected to public hearing prior to appointment. Cannot be previous holders of political office but may have own business or income from outside the EC provided there is no conflict of interest. Must be able to operate independently to conduct free and fair elections. Agong may extend retirement age to 70. 1
    15 Article 115 EC shall employ own staff. For delineation exercise, in addition to using Govt assistance, may draw from assistance from private sector if they so desire. 1
    16 Article 115A Election Ombudsman: Oversee EC. 3 members. 1
    17 Article 115B Constitution of Election Ombudsman Office: Similar to EC. 1
    18 Article 115C - Assistance to Election Ombudsman Office: Similar to EC. 1
    19 Article 116 Restructure MP distribution among states of P. Malaysia and Federal Territories to reduce voter disparity to not more than 10%. Similarly, seat size within Sabah and Sarawak are to be redrawn to equalize the electoral population within 15% plus or minus of electoral quota. Similarly for Legislative Assembly Constituencies. This limit shall be reduced to 5% for all states by 1/1/2020. Govt to build communication infrastructure to reach 80% of the population by 1/1/20 and monitored by the EC. 1
    20 Article 118A Method of questioning election petition of no return Deleted 1
    21 Article 119 Automatic voter registration. Reduce age of voter to 18 by 1/1/2017. Valid postal address. Biometric Voter Verification Identity Card. 1
    22 Article 119 (1A) EC empowered to verify citizen status independently of NRD. 1
    23 Article 119 (1B) All govt depts., financial institutions and employers to provide assistance to the EC. 1
    24 Article 119 (2) Constituency of a member of the armed forces or the police shall be address of MyKad prior to joining of service. 1
    25 Article 160: Opposition Leader, political organisation and political party defined. 1
    26 Seventh Schedule: Appointment or Election of Senators Parts I and II. 1
    27 Thirteenth Schedule to restrict breaking up of local communities. EC proposal can only pass if half the Govt MPs and half the Opposition MPs approve. After review, the EC can bypass Parliament and require the PM to submit their proposals directly to the Agong. 1
    28 Fourteenth Schedule Care-taker govt Parts I and II. 1
    1 Elections Act
    29 S2 Interpretation Add assisted voter, Election Judge. technical adviser to provide legal and operational advice during the campaign to strengthen the campaign team. 1
    30 S3 Appointment of officers Returning Officers and Enforcement Officers to come from the public or civil society and not from Govt or political parties. Specify appointment procedures. Provide for more enforcement teams as required by the candidates. If not enough officers, the EC can appoint from the public service. 1
    31 Section 3A Secretary, Deputy Secretary and Asst Secretaries - opinions required whether we need to disallow Govt servants. 1
    32 S7 Polling Districts and polling centres Restrict to publicly-accessible places. If EC choose military or police camps, they have to ensure that access is public. Control timing of division of constituency. 1
    33 S8 Appointment of officers Chief Registrar and lower grades, Adjudicating Officer to be outside Govt service, political parties or GLCs. Reflect ethnic composition of the state in which they operate. Need to consider whether this should be taken out of the ECs duties and under another independent body as this is the source of a lot of problems. 1
    34 S9A Certified or re-certified electoral roll shall be deemed to be final Have to allow for provision to challenge as the electoral rolls are so poorly prepared with so many suspicious electors. 1
    35 S13 Election of candidates add assisted voter. 1
    36 S14 Use of schools, - restrict use of military or police camps unless it is publicly-accessible. 1
    37 S15 (2)(l) Power to make regulations.. charge nominal fee for electoral roll and CD to encourage public to scrutinize the rolls and spot errors. 1
    38 S16 (p) Code of ethics 1
    39 S17 Regulations to be laid before the Dewan Rakyat EC can over-ride Dewan Rakyat. 1
    2 Election Offences Act
    40 S2 Interpretation Definitions added for assistant overseas agent, counting agent, overseas agent, overseas presiding officer, polling agent, polling district, political partys representative, technical adviser. 1
    41 S3 Offences by any person Expand to cover malallocation of electors in the electoral roll, voter refuse to mark with indelible ink after voting or dont comply with indelible ink procedures, to cater for post-voting ink marking. To mandate free access to all candidates to estates, private roads and FELDA schemes, compel all employers to provide information on any citizen or employee relating to address, employment and citizenship, all including MSM to comply with enforcement team. 1
    42 S4 Offences by election officers provide for immediate sanction by EC. 1
    43 S5 Maintenance of secrecy at elections Add technical adviser. Allow for joint inspection by the KTM and PA of ballot papers issued by the RO to the KTM one day before polling. Randomization required. Reports on hourly turnout (Form 720) to be made available to candidate agents. 1
    44 S6 Offences against this part action or report to be made by the Public Prosecutor within 8 weeks of election results. 1
    45 S9 (3) No transfer of employee during elections. Note: (1) can be interpreted to cover refusal to randomize. 1
    46 S11 Punishment and incapacities for corrupt practice - Public Prosecutor required to provide a report of prosecution within 8 weeks to hold them accountable. 1
    47 S12 Nomination of election agent and overseas agent Add overseas agent to assist the candidate in the overseas postal polling centre. Nomination within 5 days of Gazette. Same as PV R8A (3). 1
    48 S13 Disqualification for appointment as election, etc add overseas agent & assistant overseas agent. 1
    49 S14 Making of appointments and contracts through election agent Add technical adviser. 1
    50 S15A. Prohibition of certain expenses during campaign period - Delete requirement to submit expense return as there is no limit to campaign expense. 1
    51 S16 Period for sending in claims and making payments for election expenses - Delete requirement to submit expense return as there is no limit to campaign expense. 1
    52 S19 Expenses in excess of maximum to be illegal practice - [Deleted] 1
    53 S20 Certain Expenditure to be illegal practice amend to empower EC to hire vehicles and secure fuel for equal distribution to all candidates. All parties hire vehicles so dont make it illegal. Require hiring through EC. 1
    54 S20A Transportation for conveyance of voters Make it the responsibility of EC to procure fuel, vehicles and vessels for all candidates. Critical in Sabah & Sarawak. 1
    55 S21 Certain employment to be illegal allow employment of overseas agents and overseas assistant agents. 1
    56 S24B Election campaign and limitation thereof No police permit required other than consultation to avoid clash between rival candidates. 1
    57 S25A Employers requested to allow employees to serve during an election campaign. 1
    58 S26 Limitation on polling day remove restrictions on rental of premises, citizen check on phantom voters. 1
    59 S26A Booth to be provided by Election Commission make it mandatory. MyKad reader to check all electors. Those without ID that is readable, only Temporary IC is allowable and the elector have to submit passport photos to be attached to Form 11 for KTM and all candidates. This should be quite a rare event as NRD centres can issue replacement MyKad within 2 hours except those not in the State capital. More booth observers together with technical adviser and proper equipment allowed. Fill Form 10 for OKU electors here before proceeding to the polling station. 1
    60 S27 Punishment for conviction for illegal practice Report by Public Prosecutor to EC within 8 weeks on legal action taken. 1
    61 S27B Establishment of enforcement team Allow for more than one team to reflect geographical size of constituency. 1
    62 S27E Functions of enforcement team MSM to be regulated here. 1
    63 S27F Appointment of the representatives of the political party expanded to cater for multiple enforcement teams in large geographical areas, especially Sabah & Sarawak. 1
    64 S40 Votes to be struck off at a scrutiny Cannot be done if the vote is secret. 1
    65 S41 Rejection of ballot paper by RO or KTM is final delete. not healthy to give a RO or KTM so much power. 1
    66 Schedules Delete Forms B & C on expenses report. 1
    67 Second Schedule 14 (2) Return of money so deposited: Correct spelling. 1
    3 Election Commission Act
    68 S3 Provision against double salary Delete in line with FC Article 114 (4A) to enable recruitment of men of independent means to reduce dependency on the state. 1
    69 S5 Certain communications to be privileged Delete as it can be used to suppress incriminating evidence against a defendant from a witness. 1
    70 S6 Protection of members from lawful act only. Not blanket protection. 1
    71 S11 Consent of Public Prosecutor to prosecutions Set 8 weeks dateline for PP to make progress report on prosecution. 1
    72 R12 Schedule to be amended by regulations paragraph 1. Increase salary of EC Chairman and Deputy Chairman but only for new batch, not current batch, to reflect their responsibility and the importance of their posts. Paragraph 11. Air travel business class. 1
    4 Elections (Conduct of Elections) Regulations
    73 R2 Interpretation advance polling centre, advance polling day, advance polling station, date for advance voting (which must take into account the durability of the indelible ink so that advance voters are prevented from voting a second time on polling day for ordinary voters), assistant overseas agent, assisted voter, ballot box, consular officer, election observer, Kad OKU, main tally centre, overseas agent, overseas presiding officer, overseas polling centre (any Malaysian embassy/High Commission appointed by the Election Commission), overseas polling day, overseas postal ballot paper, overseas postal voter, overseas voter, Peninsular Malaysia, perforation, political partys representative, random issue, technical adviser. Proposal for EC to register political party under the Article 113 of Federal Constitution. 1
    74 R3 Writ and notice of election campaign period min 28 days, advance polling day 2 days before polling day, nomination period 3 days. 48 hours cooling off period. A cooling-off period is proposed to allow the electorate a quiet period to consider the election issues before making their decisions. [***] 1
    75 R4 Nomination papers papers to be signed by candidate, proposer, seconder & witness. 1
    76 R5 Deposit by candidate reduce to RM 5k for Parliament and RM 2k for DUN seat. 1
    77 R6 Proceedings on nomination day 3-day nomination period. 1
    78 R7 Objection to nomination papers Reinstate objection period. 1
    79 R8 Persons entitled to be present at nomination include technical adviser. 1
    80 R10 Uncontested elections objections to be allowed. 1
    81 R11 Contested elections - objections to be allowed, set advance polling 2 days before polling, polling hours 8 - 12 hours (to allow voters located in rural areas sufficient time to travel to polling station to vote). Also polling stations should not close earlier than the prescribed period. All voters must be allowed the opportunity to attend at the polling station at any time during the prescribed period of polling. Closing the polling station early will deprive other voters of the opportunity and their right to vote. Min campaign period 28 days to cater for postal vote. 1
    82 R12 Appointment of presiding officers and deputies at least half from the public to ensure neutrality 1
    83 R12A Appointment of other officers and staff up to half from the public to ensure neutrality 1
    84 R13 Facilities to be provided at polling centre and station guide for marking ballot papers to be posted at ballot marking counter (to help minimise incidents of rejected votes and time spent examining ballot papers during counting) and re-orientate ballot marking counter, revised polling station layout (sixth schedule), permit agents to use cameras to record/capture any electoral violations. The purpose of the proposed polling station layout is to enable polling agents to scrutinise the polling process more effectively (e.g., to detect attempts to insert unauthorised/foreign ballot papers into the ballot box and to examine the fingers of the voter for transparent coating that will prevent the indelible ink from staining the finger). 1
    85 R14 Right of registered elector to vote onus on presiding officer to vet voter. 1
    86 R14A Authoritative text of electoral rolls specify the version of electoral roll to be used. Supplementary roll for candidates campaign team. Advance voters roll, overseas postal voters roll and postal voters roll. The roll to be used must have information on all categories of voters (ordinary, advance, postal and overseas) so that voters do not abuse the polling system by casting their vote under more than 1 category). This serves as an additional safeguard to the indelible ink. The electoral roll should also be furnished to election candidates as early as possible as the rolls would have already been gazetted much earlier. Election candidates should have an opportunity to review the electoral rolls in advance of polling being conducted to determine whether there are any inconsistencies in the information reflected in the rolls (e.g., same name appearing on more than 1 list) 1
    87 R15. Admittance to polling station delete last paragraph of R15 (1). 1
    88 R18. Ballot boxes specify opaque walls to preserve secrecy and eliminate time taken to unfold ballot papers during counting as this results in additional time costs incurred by the EC on polling day. This proposal will result in significant cost-savings. Current practice of folding twice involves 150 million folding, which is 40,000 man-hours. Folding increases the workload without any benefit in maintenance of secrecy. Previous change to transparent box created the need to fold ballot paper which is a waste of time and give rise to potential of ink smudges. Folding causes the ballot paper to bulk up, requiring a clerk to use a ruler to compress the ballot papers in the ballot boxes. That may entail an additional cost of up to RM 7 million. 1
    89 R18A Election Materials check 1 day before advance polling and 1 day before polling day and simplified procedures on morning before polling. Issue Form 13A to candidate, election agent or polling agent. 1
    90 R19 Manner of voting Only MyKad, Military MyKad or Police MyKad to be accepted as proof of identity as these are the only documents accepted by EC when registering as a voter. The internal guidelines issued by the EC specify that other types of identification documents can be furnished and this should not be permitted as voters can abuse the identification process. The EC officers should not be burdened or distracted from their duties by spending time verifying alternative identification documents. Kad OKU for assisted voter shall also be accepted over and above the MyKad. The proposal for Kad OKU to be accepted is a request from OKU special interest groups to cater to voters who are handicapped, blind or otherwise incapacitated. Temporary ID from JPN: voter required to submit passport photo, detail procedures for checking for indelible ink under ample light, marking of ink after voting, immerse 1 min, expose 1 min for ink to take effect, randomization of pre-perforated/stamped ballot paper, assisted voter accompanied by a relative (to prevent abuse of the process). Postal voters in Malaysia are required to mark their left forefinger with indelible ink either at the Returning Officers office or at the polling centre where they are stationed, before 8am on polling day. Introduced 4th & 5th schedule for indelible ink. Procedure for ramdomisation of ballot papers introduced. This is a safeguard to support/enhance/preserve secrecy of votes. 1
    91 R19A Non-compliance with the manner of voting voter who refuse to show left forefinger or left forefinger marked with indelible ink shall not be issued with a ballot paper. Voter whose left forefinger is unmarked but name crossed out, will not be issued with a ballot paper and the presiding officer shall fill up Form 10A explaining why (In the future, such a voter should be issued a challenged ballot kept in a separate envelope that can be considered for marginal wins and the voter cleared by an election judge). Voter who refuse to allow true identity to be verified. Current EC procedures allow a voter covered with a purdah to vote without revealing the face. This makes the verification exercise more cumbersome for EC officers and affects/distracts the EC officer from discharging his duties effectively. It is the onus on a voter to prove his identity, not the other way round. 1
    92 R20 Declaration by voter Voter with Temporary I/C from NRD is required to fill Form 11 and submit sufficient passport photos for the presiding officer and all candidate agents present. Identity of voter must be verifiable. All voters in Malaysia except for postal voters are required to have their thumb-print verified at the booth before entry to the polling centre. This is a procedural safeguard to prevent abuse. 1
    93 R23 Closing of poll notice on doorway to advise that at time of poll closing, only voter who is issued a ballot paper will be allowed to complete his voting. 1
    94 R23A Place of counting of votes if EC relocate counting station out of the polling station, it is their responsibility to provide transport to the candidates or his agents. The ballot boxes must be continuously monitored by candidates or their agents at all times. Ten days notice of change shall be given to allow candidates and their agents sufficient time to make the necessary arrangements. The practicality of this aspect of the polling process is especially relevant/significant for polling stations located in Sabah and Sarawak or other rural areas. 1
    95 R24 Procedure on close of poll Refer to 7th Schedule, seal & sign ballot box seals, complete Form 13B with copies for candidate/agents, examine ballot paper counterfoil and electoral rolls of presiding officer, assistants and all polling agents, seal unused and spoilt ballots, presiding officer and his assistants electoral rolls in envelop and sign, procedure for relocating of counting station. 1
    96 R25 Counting of votes by presiding officer remove authority of presiding officer to bar counting agent, election observers allowed, EC members not allowed to interfere in proceedings, procedures require validation of serial nos with Form 13B, perforation or ink stamp with Form 13A and ballot marking to follow 2nd Schedule exactly, mandatory to issue Form 14 to counting agents on pain of legal sanction (Proposal by EC to have unique stamps for all the polling stations is unnecessary. Also having half a stamp on the ballot paper and half on the counterfoil is not helpful for recognition of the stamp.) No recording of serial no. during counting as this will be in contravention of the secrecy provisions. Apply to all inside the polling station. Secrecy of votes must be preserved. Minimum discretionary powers for presiding officer. Envelopes identified to avoid confusion. 4% rule for recount in the polling station deleted. Statistically meaningless. 1
    97 R25A Safe custody of election documents in accordance with the 7th Schedule identify packets for election materials. Candidates, election agents, polling agent or counting agent can accompany presiding officer. 1
    98 R25B Postponement or adjournment of counting of votes replace Form 13 with Forms 13A and 13B. 1
    99 R25C postal ballot papers to be packed and all packets labelled as per PV 2nd Schedule. 1
    100 R25CC Counting of votes of overseas postal voters at any Malaysian High Commission or embassy new procedure for counting. Counting at 9am local time on the day that coincides with polling day in Malaysia. Securing of election materials to follow PV 2nd Schedule. 1
    101 R25D Proceedings of returning officer after return of ballot boxes, and official addition of votes amend to cater for overseas postal voting and advance voting, election observers, new reporting form for results, returning officer to provide tally of Forms 14, 15, 15A and 16, legal sanction against returning officer for non-compliance. 1
    102 R25E Disposal of ballot papers, etc tighten procedures with all materials to be returned to the State Elections Officer as the returning officers are not government servants, with legal sanction against returning officer for non-compliance. All ballot papers, Forms and electoral rolls to be destroyed at the end of the holding period, with no discretionary power given to the EC not to do so. 1
    103 R26 Court order to copy or inspect election documents delete reference to Third Schedule, election materials to be preserved pending resolution of election petition. 1
    104 R26A amend to state paragraph 4 of regulation 25E. 1
    105 R27A. Persons required to vote as advance voter amend list of people who qualify to exclude spouses of military or police, add EC staff, candidates, candidate agents, Sabahans, Sarawakians or P Msians outside their respective State or territory (Sabah, Sarawak and P Msia are treated as separate territories for definition of advance voting), those who are liable for duty on both advance and normal polling day to be granted postal voting. Add in EOA no employer shall transfer his employee during the period between dissolution of Parliament and polling day (Done EOA 9(3)). Military and police personnel for purpose of advance voting, they vote at their last civilian address. Spouse of military and police personnel should not have special privileges above normal voters. If they wish to vote in the constituency where the camp is located, they can change their MyKAd address and voter address just like any other voter. 1
    106 R27AA Polling for Advance Voters polling stations to be sited in publicly-accessible locations. If the EC insist on police or military camps, these should be made publicly accessible and should include civilian voters to mix up the voters in the polling centre. 1
    107 R27B Counting for Advance Polling to be held in the Advance Polling Centre and counting to commence at 9am 1 day before polling day. Counting should take place at the same polling station and unnecessary shifting/transporting of ballot boxes before counting process should be avoided. 1
    108 R31. Punishment for making false declaration correct printing error. Amend R19(10) to R19(11). 1
    109 Form 1 to include overseas polling day. 1
    110 Form 2 to include overseas polling day. 1
    111 Form 2A to include overseas polling day. 1
    112 Form 3 (4) amend evening to forenoon. deposit five thousand/two thousand. 1
    113 Form 8 Situation of Polling Centre (Overseas Voting). 48 hours cooling off period. 1
    114 Form 10 amend to cater for assisted voter. 1
    115 Form 10A amend to exclude voters who refuse to show left forefinger, refuse to allow marking with indelible ink, finger unmarked by indelible ink but name marked. 1
    116 Form 13 deleted. Replaced by Forms 13A and 13B. 1
    117 Form 14 add subregulation 25(3) at row C. Mandatory for presiding officer to issue to all candidates. 1
    118 Form 15 - STATEMENT OF THE POLL AFTER COUNTING THE POSTAL BALLOT PAPERS 1
    119 Form 15A Statement of the poll after counting the overseas postal ballot papers. 1
    120 Second Schedule tighten procedures for voting, cartoon of valid paper added. 1
    121 Third Schedule deleted. 1
    122 Fourth Schedule procurement of indelible ink added. 1
    123 Fifth Schedule use of indelible ink to identify double-voting. 1
    124 Sixth Schedule proposed polling station layout to facilitate work of polling agent. 1
    125 Seventh Schedule Safe custody of election documents 1
    5 Registration of Electors
    126 R2 Interpretation absent voter to exclude spouse of military personnel, govt servants overseas and spouse, full-time students overseas and spouse. To include non-resident electors residing overseas, Sabahans residing outside Sabah, Sarawakians residing outside Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysians outside P Msia (Sabah, Sarawak and P Msia are treated as separate territories for definition of advance voting). Assisted voter. 1
    127 R5 Entitlement to vote Automatic voter registration, fresh registration exercise for existing voters, simplify procedures for registration, assisted voter. 1
    128 R6 Order of names Absent voters can be advance, overseas postal voters or postal voters, clerical errors to be corrected subject to scrutiny and not at ECs discretion. 1
    129 R9 Electoral roll for the purpose of general election or by-election For GE or by-election, the electoral roll is fixed as the last certified roll before Parliament or state assembly dissolution. 1
    130 R10 The principal electoral roll electoral rolls shall have full addresses, advance, postal and absent voters names to be marked with PP on an extra column, Registrar to take pro-active approach to verify voters eligibility.. 1
    131 R12 Application for transfer of registration allow for registration online, any qualified elector shall be registered upon notifying the Registrar, elector can shift locality within same State constituency or Parliament constituency for FT without change of IC address or 6-mth residency. 1
    132 R13 Revision of electoral roll publish supplementary roll every 3 months and publish notice in 2 national newspapers, open for 30 days inspection, inform every elector by post if they have been shifted to another polling centre. 1
    133 R14 Claims during revision of supplementary electoral roll 30 days to object. 1
    134 R15 Objections during revision of supplementary electoral roll objections can be raised by any elector anywhere within 30 days of publication of supplementary roll, without limit to number of persons objected against but once only against the same person. No objection fee required. 1
    135 R17 Public Inquiry Registrar to compensate elector whose registration area was changed without his approval and guilty party to be subjected to prosecution. 1
    136 R20 Appeal Decision of Adjudicating Officer is final but can be challenged in court. 1
    137 R21 Recovery of sums awarded added R17. 1
    138 R25 Chief Registrar may restore name in the electoral roll tighten procedures to prevent abuse by Registrar, all changes subject to notice in supplementary roll. 1
    139 R27 Free copies of principal electoral roll and supplementary electoral roll Registrar required to supply free copies to candidate or election agent. 1
    140 R28 Sale of principal electoral roll and supplementary electoral roll to any elector at five cents per page or 5 ringgit per CD. 1
    141 Form A modified to incorporate home address of armed forces and police, and to provide for assisted voter. 1
    py

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Posts
    12,727
    Postal Voting amendments plus summary of all Demands.

    Malaysia Electoral Reform Programme Amendment List ver3
    Time-frame for Passage of Legislation
    No Description Implement on 31st Jan 2013 15th Apr 2013 15th Apr 2014

    6 Postal Voting
    142 Contents amended. 1
    143 R2 Interpretation definition of Form 2, absent voter (retain original definition), agent (The EA can appoint a Ketua PACAPOS to represent him to liaise with RO), ballot box, consular officer, election observer, envelope A (Remove provision to record ballot paper serial no. as it violates S5 of EOA), overseas agent, assistant overseas agent, overseas ballot paper, overseas polling centre (Any embassy), overseas polling day (1 day before polling day to allow counting on polling day to provide sufficient time for reporting to RO.), overseas postal voter, overseas presiding officer, political partys representative, place outside Malaysia, political party (New article added to empower EC to register political parties), postal polling day. 1
    144 R3 Persons entitled to vote as postal voters delete paragraph 1(a)(Covered under R3A) referring to overseas govt servants + spouse, overseas student + spouse, restrict to those military & police on duty on both advance polling and normal polling day, EC officers, candidate, election agent, candidate agent, overseas agent, political partys representative (For enforcement team), EC member, long-term nursing home or hospital inmate. All required to mark with indelible ink under Election Offences Act, except for long-term nursing home or hospital inmate. 1
    145 R3A Persons entitled to vote as overseas postal voters all Malaysian electors resident overseas. 1
    146 R5 Persons entitled to be present at issue of postal ballot papers and opening of postal voters' ballot boxes introduce election observers. 1
    147 R6 Notice of issue of postal ballot papers 24 hours. 1
    148 R7 Marking of postal ballot papers serial no. of ballot paper is not recorded on Form 2 or envelope A in compliance with Section 5 of Election Offences Act. Random issue of ballot papers (Major amendment for randomization. New Form SPR 754A equivalent to Form 13A. Remove requirement to record ballot serial no. on Form 2 and enveloe A as it violates S5 EOA.) 1
    149 R7A Marking of overseas postal ballot papers similar to R7 (New Regulation). 1
    150 R8 Documents to be sent to postal voters include certification of postal voter. 1
    151 R8A Overseas postal ballot papers (The origin of despatch is Putrajay who shall dispatch the ballots by diplomatic courier to the consular officer via the Foreign Ministry. Illustrate with infographics) procedure (To include sealing. Alternative method is to appoint Putrajaya as the collecting and counting point. In that case, local postal ballots also go there) for despatch of postal ballot papers to consular officer by EC, from consular officer to voter and back, from consular officer to overseas presiding officer by 5pm on overseas polling day (1 day before polling day), there to be monitored by overseas agents. 1
    152 R9A Despatch of overseas postal ballot papers by diplomatic courier to consular officer, inform overseas agent, post direct to overseas postal voter. 1
    153 R10 Provision of postal voters ballot box election observers introduced and facilities for agents and election observers to guard the ballot box. 1
    154 R10A Provision of overseas postal voters ballot box or sack define sack, procedure for management of ballot box. Added election observer. 1
    155 R11 Sealing up of lists of postal voters and counterfoils of ballot papers include election observers, tighten up procedures. 1
    156 R12A Exercise of overseas postal vote EC to set campaign period to enable all postal votes to be received in time. 1
    157 R13 Receipt of covering envelope reject late ballot. Keep in locked sack. 1
    158 R13A Receipt of overseas covering envelopes reject late overseas postal ballot. Keep in locked sack. 1
    159 R14 Opening of postal voters' ballot box allow election observers. 1
    160 R15 Opening of covering envelopes record no. of envelope B in Form SPR 754B, ensure rejected ballot paper is marked rejected, tighten up other procedures arising from omission of serial nos from Form 2. 1
    161 R16 Sealing up of rejected votes and Form 2 require agents to sign on security tape. 1
    162 R17 Opening of envelope A reconcile omission of serial no. on envelope A. 1
    163 R18 Procedure on the discovery of more than one ballot paper reject both papers. 1
    164 R19A Forms - enough copies of forms to be issued to agents after signing by them and sanction against returning officer for failure to comply. 1
    165 SCHEDULE - Rename to First Schedule. 1
    166 Form 1 Application for postal ballot paper - include candidate, election agent, candidate agent, overseas presiding officer, overseas agent, long-term inmate in a registered nursing home or hospital. 1
    167 Form 1A Statutory declaration in respect of application for overseas postal ballot paper new form. 1
    168 Form 2 Declaration of identity delete provision to record ballot paper no. as it violates S5 of EOA, amend instructions to voter, sample of valid ballot paper added. 1
    169 Form 754A Overseas Postal/Postal Ballot Papers Issued. Equivalent to Form 13A of COE. 1
    170 Form 754B Overseas Postal/Postal Ballot Papers Closing Statement. Equivalent to Form 13B of COE. 1
    171 Second Schedule Procedures to be followed in the securing of election documents for postal voting. 1
    7 Advance Voting [New]
    172 R1 Citation 1
    173 R2 Interpretation 1
    174 R3 Persons entitled to vote as advance voters military and police on duty (Military and police excluding their spouse. Postal vote to be accorded only if they are duty on both advance polling and normal polling days. The should vote in a constituency allotted based on their last known civilian address prioir to joining the Force.) during polling day, EC officers and candidate/agents on duty during polling day, voter in Sabah/Sarawak residing in Peninsular Malaysia, voter in Peninsular Malaysia residing in Sabah/Sarawak. 1
    175 R4 Appointment of presiding officers. 1
    176 R5 Appointment of other officers and staff. 1
    177 R6 Facilities to be provided at polling centre and station. 1
    178 7. Advance polling day (set either 1 or 2 days before polling day.) 1
    179 8. Advance voter electoral rolls. 1
    180 9. Admittance to polling station. 1
    181 10. Marking of polling station limits. 1
    182 11. Poll by ballot and ballot papers. 1
    183 12. Ballot boxes. 1
    184 13. Election Materials. 1
    185 14. Manner of voting. 1
    186 15. Non-compliance with the manner of voting. 1
    187 16. Declarations by voters. 1
    188 17. Spoilt ballot papers. 1
    189 18. Closing of poll two days before polling day. 1
    190 19. Place of counting of votes. 1
    191 20. Procedure on close of poll. 1
    192 21. Counting of votes by presiding officer 8am on polling day to give sufficient time to sort, count the votes and report to the returning officer. 1
    193 22. Safe custody of election documents. 1
    194 23. Disposal of ballot papers, etc. 1
    8 Election Ombudsman Office Act
    195 1. Short title 1
    196 2. Remuneration 1
    197 3. Charge of salary 1
    198 4. Protection of members, 1
    199 5 Members, officers and servants of Office deemed public servants 1
    200 6. Giving false information to Commission. 1
    201 7. Unauthorised publication and disclosure of information. 1
    202 8. Influencing or attempting to influence Commission. 1
    203 9. Consent of Public Prosecutor to prosecutions. 1
    204 10. Schedule may be amended by regulations. 1
    202 2
    ADDITIONAL DREAMS
    Dream no. (No. Impian)
    1 Clean up electoral roll (Bersihkan Senarai Undi) 1
    2 Reform Postal voting (Mereformasikan Undi Pos) 1
    3 Use indelible ink (Gunakan Dakwat Kekal) 1
    4 Free and Fair Access to Communications (media) (Akses Komunikasi Bebas & Adil) 1
    5 Minimum campaign period of 28 day (Masa Kempen Minima 28 Hari) 1
    6 Strengthen public institutions (Kukuhkan Institusi Awam) 1
    7 Stop corruption (Hentikan Rasuah) 1
    a) Return and declaration in respect of income and assets
    b) Control of political donation but no limit on election campaign expenses,
    c) Political parties cannot own businesses,
    d) No legal immunity for Govt servants and EC staff for electoral offences, (Tiada imuniti kepada anggota kerja Kerajaan serta SPR dari kesalahan-kesalahan pilihan raya)
    e) MACC to be answerable to Parliament, (SPRM adalah bawah tanggungjawab kepada Parlimen)
    f) Petronas to be answerable to Parliament, (Petronas adalah bawah tanggungjawab kepada Parlimen)
    g) IPCMC to oversee the Police, (Pengawasan Polis oleh IPCMC)
    h) Reform the Judiciary. (Merefomasikan system Perhakiman)
    i) The Attorney General to be answerable to Parliament, (Peguam Negara adalah bawah tanggungjawab kepada Parlimen).
    8 Stop dirty politics (Hentikan Politik Kotor) 1
    9 Remove current EC members, (Menengeluarkan ahli-ahli SPR yang sedia ada) 1
    10 International Observers, (Pemantau dari Antarabangsa) 1
    11 Election Code of Conduct (Kod Etika Pilihan Raya) 1
    12 Call in United Nations to manage the next General Elections GE13, (Menjemputkan Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu untuk menguruskan Pilihanraya Agung - GE13) 1
    13 Increase salaries of MPs to RM 20,000 and ADUNs to RM 15,000, (Menaikkan gaji ahli parlimen untuk RM 20,000 dan ADUN RM 15,000) 1
    14 Federal Territories entitled to set up a State with ADUNs, (Wilayah Persekutuan berhak untuk menubuhkan Negeri dibawah ADUN) 1
    15 Government to fund political parties and independent candidates, (Kerajaan membiayai parti-parti politik dan calon-calon bebas) 1
    16 Fair and equal access of funding to all MPs and ADUNs, (Akses yang adil dan saksama pembiayaan kepada semua Ahli Parlimen dan ADUN) 1
    17 Ombudsman to oversee Government 1
    18 Sign on to the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights & Minority Rights. 1
    19 Keep election promises 1
    TOTAL 12 208 3
    Summary of Amendments:
    Doc No. Title No. of Amendments
    0 0 Federal Constitution, 28
    1 1 Elections Act, 11
    2 2 Election Offences Act, 28
    3 3 Election Commission Act 5
    4 8 Election Office Ombudsman Act 53
    5 4 Conduction of Elections Regulations 16
    6 5 Registration of Electors Regulations 30
    7 6 Postal Voting Regulations 23
    8 7 Advance Voting Regulations (new proposal) 10
    total 204
    Summary:
    BN, if they adopt these proposals have to agree to go the full term for Parliament and undertake to meet the milestones stated.
    Amendments to the Federal Constitution will need the co-operation of Pakatan Rakyat.
    Amendments to the Election Acts and Regulations can be done on their own.
    If BN accepts and implement the amendments according to the timeline suggested or if possible earlier, we will consider that they accept the principles of Free and Fair Elections.
    Pakatan Rakyat, if they adopt these proposals and if they were to be successful in becoming the Government after GE13 have to undertake to do the following:
    Amend all the Election Acts and Regulations.
    Endeavour to amend the Federal Constitution with the co-operation of the Opposition should PR have insufficient MPs to secure a 2/3 majority in Parliament.
    After replacing the EC with a new Commission who can act indepently and cleaning up the electoral rolls, PR shall, within 1 year of taking over the Government, dissolve Parliament and the Senate, and call for fresh elections based on the cleaned-up rolls and new Acts, new Regulations and possibly amendments to the Federal Constitution, to comply with the MERP.
    If they undertake to do the above, they will be considered to support Free and Fair Elections.
    py

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