12th Jan 2013
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Czech Republic January 11, 2013 Presidential
First Round
Austria January 20, 2013 Referendum
Israel January 22, 2013 Parliamentary (Snap)
Jordan January 23, 2013 Parliamentary
Czech Republic January 25, 2013 Presidential
Second Round
Trinidad and Tobago February 15, 2013 Presidential
Cambodia July 28, 2013 Parliamentary
Honduras November 10, 2013 Presidential
Honduras November 10, 2013 Legislative
Iceland April 27, 2013 Parliamentary
Period in review: January 5-11, 2013

Austria (Jan 20, 2013)

On January 20, 2012, Austrians will vote in a non-binding referendum on whether to maintain compulsory military service, or replace it with a paid force of professional volunteers. Currently all able-bodied men aged 18-35 are eligible to serve six months in the Austrian military. As an alternative to military service, the conscripted can opt for a year of community service or Zivildienst. Therefore many are concerned that abolishing universal conscription may affect the labor supply of necessary public services, which the country has come to rely upon Zivildienst for. These services include charities, ministries, hospitals, and ambulances. Support for the referendum is politically polarized. Left-leaning parties such as the Green Party (Die Grünen) and Alliance for the Future of Austria (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich) have come out in favor of reforming the military, whereas parties to the right like the Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs) have defended the status quo.

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