Federal constituencies


116. (1) For the election of members to the House of Representatives a unit of review shall be divided into constituencies in accordance with the provisions contained in the Thirteenth Schedule.

(2) The total number of constituencies shall be equal to the number of members, so that one member shall be elected for each constituency, and of that total in the States of Malaya a number determined in accordance with the provisions contained in Article 46 and the Thirteenth Schedule shall be allocated to each State.

(3) (Repealed).

(4) (Repealed).

(5) (Repealed).

Admin: The repealed clauses 3, 4 and 5 were very important protection against malapportionment and should be studied carefully in the notes.
Notes to Article 116:

Art. 116

See Eighth Schedule subsection 4(2) & Thirteenth Schedule, section 2.

Clause (1)

a. The words “provisions contained in the Thirteenth Schedule” substituted for “following provisions of this Article“ by Act 14/1962, paragraph 22(a), in force from 21-06-1962.

b. The words “a unit of review” substituted for “the Federation” by Act 26/1963, section 70, in force 16-09-1963.


Clause (2)

a. The words “the provisions contained in the Thirteenth Schedule” substituted for “Clause (3)” by Act 14/1962, paragraph 22(b), in force from 21-06-1962.

b. T The words “in the States of Malaya” were inserted by Act 26/1963, section 70, in force from 16-09-1963.

c. The words “Article 46 and the Thirteenth Schedule” substituted for “the Thirteenth Schedule” by Act A206, section 14, in force from 23-08-1973.

Clauses (3), (4) & (5)


These Clauses were repealed by Act 14/1962, paragraph 22(c), in force from 21-06-1962 and read as follows:

“(3) Constituencies shall be allocated to the several States in such manner that the electoral quota of each State is as nearly equal to the electoral quota of the Federation as it can be without causing undue disparity between the population quota of that State and the population quota of the Federation.

(4) Each State shall be divided into constituencies in such manner that each constituency contains a number of electors as nearly equal to the electoral quota of the State as may be after making due allowance for the distribution of the different communities and for differences in density of population and the means of communication; but the allowance so made shall not increase or reduce the number of electors in any constituency to a number differing from the electoral quota by more than fifteen per cent.

(5) In this Article—

(a) “electoral quota” means the number obtained by dividing the number of electors in the Federation or a State by the total number of constituencies or, as the case may be, the number of constituencies in that State;

(b) “population quota” means the number obtained by dividing the population of the Federation or of a State by the total number of constituencies or, as the case may be, the number of constituencies in that State;

and for the purposes of this Article the number of electors shall be taken to be as shown on the current electoral rolls and the population as counted at the most recent census.”.