http://eeas.europa.eu/human_rights/e...pendium_en.pdf

http://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/17579


http://www.osce.org/documents?keys=&...ties%5B%5D=120

5.1. Treaty standards......................................... ..................................... ....38
5.1.1. The International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights (ICCPR) (1966) .............................................. ....38


5.2. Matrix on the Status of Ratification of Instruments
within the UN System...


Malaysia only signed up on 1 out of 6 Universal Instruments CEDAW and subject to exclusions which rendered their signature useless:
114. Ratified with the following reservation: “Malaysia’s accession is subject to the understanding that the provisions of the Convention do not conflict with the provisions of the Islamic Sharia’ law and the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. With regards thereto, further,
the Government of Malaysia does not consider itself bound by the provisions of articles […]
7 (b) […].



The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)..........................................141
7.2 Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (1990) ............................141
The Commonwealth .................................................. ......................................142
7.3 The Harare Commonwealth Declaration (1991)....................................142
7.4 The Lusaka Declaration of the Commonwealth on
Racism and Racial Prejudice (1979) .................................................. ..142



Annex 1. Matrix on Election Standards
in International and Regional Instruments....................................... .170
Annex 2. Matrix on Election Standards Contained
in Political Commitment Documents......................................... .......178
Annex 3. Global Matrix on States Parties to International
and Regional Instruments ContainingElection Standards.............. ....181
Annex 4. The Use of International Standards for Assessment of
Election Processes by European Union Election
Observation Missions .................................................. ................ ..189



Page 37: 5. Universal Instruments
The United Nations (UN)
The United Nations was established on 24 October 1945. Its purposes and principles are set out in its Charter and include the promotion and encouragement of
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms without distinction. The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was passed as a resolution by
the General Assembly in December 1948 and is the cornerstone of the inter national
human rights protection system. Various UN treaties have subsequently elaborated
on the provisions of the UDHR. These instruments are open for ratification by
all member states and are legally binding to those states which become parties to
them, subject to reservations and declarations.



Page 38: 5.1. Treaty standards
5.1.1. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (1966)23
Article 19
2. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include
freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through
any other media of his choice.
Article 20
2. Any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement
to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited by law.
Article 21
The right of peaceful assembly shall be recognized. No restrictions may be placed
on the exercise of this right other than those imposed in conformity with the law
and which are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public safety, public order (ordre public), the protection of public health or
morals or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
Article 22
1. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of association with others.
2. No restrictions may be placed on the exercise of this right other than those
which are prescribed by law and which are necessary in a democratic society
in the interests of national security or public safety, public order (ordre public),


Page 150 onwards on standards is interesting.